lit terms one

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Exposition
Introduction to setting, characters, and conflict; often provides background
Inciting Incident
Moment in the story that sets the conflict in motion; the "powder keg"
Rising Action
Characters and conflicts develop leading to the climax
Climax
Moment of highest tension where a critical decision must be made
Falling Action
Conflict starts to get worked out; story is working towards a conclusion
Resolution
Ultimate working out of problem; it often contains a death or a marriage
Denouement
Tying up of loose ends; what happens to characters after the story
Characterization
How the author uses traits and dialogue to present characters
Character Trait
Personality characteristics- i.e. brave, loyal, strong
Direct Characterization
Author directly states what character is like
Indirect Characterization
Author implies what character is like; reader must draw conclusions from dialogue and actions
Flat Character
Undeveloped/minor character; usually has one or two traits; two dimensional
Round Character
Well-developed character; multiple traits; three dimensional
Static Character
Character who doesn't change over the course of story; same at the beginning and end; doesn't grow or learn
Dynamic Character
Character changes during story; learns new things from his/her experiences; different at the end than the beginning
Narration
How the author presents the "voice" of the story; how the story is told
Narrator
"Voice" of the story who communicates with the reader
Unreliable Narrator
Narrator with limited or incomplete picture; may lie or be biased; gives the reader false or misleading information
First Person Narrator
Told from p.o.v. of character in story; biased; only gives his/her understanding of situation
Third Person Limited Narrator
Narrator outside of story; only sees into head(s) of one or two characters; incomplete sense of what's going on
Third Person Omniscient Narrator
All-seeing, all-knowing narrator; bird's-eye view outside of the story; objective; sees complete picture; inside the heads of all characters
Conflict
Struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, or emotions
Internal Conflict
Struggle within a character; opposing needs, desires, or emotions- conscience
External Conflict
Character struggles against outside force- another character, society, nature, etc.
Man v. Self
Type of Internal conflict where an individual is torn about what to do in a given situation
Man v. Man
Theme in literature where there is a disagreement between two individuals, two small groups, or two large groups over an issue of importance
Man v. Society
Theme in literature in which a main character's, or group of main characters', main source of disagreement is social traditions, practices, or concepts.
Man v. Nature
Theme in literature that places a character against forces of nature, like flood and fire
Man v. Technology
Theme in literature where technology is a source of evil and trouble for humans
Man v. God
Theme in literature where the individual questions the existence, justice, or mercy of God.
Irony
Contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality
Verbal Irony
Speaker says one thing but means the opposite
Situational Irony
What actually happens in the opposite of what is expected or appropriate
Dramatic Irony
The reader/audience knows something important that a character doesn't know
Cosmic Irony
God/Fate/Universe seems to be perversely against the individual
Mood
A story's atmosphere or the feeling it evokes in the reader
Tone
The attitude a writer takes towards a subject, a character, or the reader.