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55 terms

Large Animal Med 7 - Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
3 ENGLISH BREEDS (DOMINANT)
-Horned or Polled
shorthorn (polled or horned)
angus (ONLY POLLED)
Hereford (polled or horned)
Romagnola
-Color
-Hearty?
-Significant Finding
-Horned or Polled
Grey
-VERY HEARTY
-DEWLAP
-HORNED (but often removed)
-
Belgian Blue and White
DOUBLE MUSCLED
Piedmont Tease
DOUBLE MUSCLED
Charolais
-Significant Finding
-A __ breed
-Color
-Beef or Dairy
DOUBLE MUSCLED
-Continental
-RED (BUT HAVE GENE that DILUTES color and appears WHITE)
-BEEF
-
3 double muscled breeds --HAVE LEANER MEAT
Piedmontease
Belgian Blue and White
Charlois
Sussex Cattle appearance
-Butcher at what age
Completely brown
-22 months
Limousine
-Color
-Hearty?
Red
-Not as hearty as CHAROLAIS
http://www.virmp.org/
internship stuff
Sheep vs Goat
Sheep tail points down
Belgian Blue and White
-Colors
-Traits
-Problem with Breed
-How to correct problem
Color= blue/white but can be black/white
-DOUBLE MUSCLED
-100% CALVING Difficulty
-70% born by CAESAREAN SECTION
-BREED pure breed with a NON-PURE BREED
Salers
-Breed or Dairy
-Color
-Known for
-Beef Breed= great meat
-RED BREED (heat tolerant )
More heat tolerant Red or Black breeds
RED
Simmental
-Looks like
White/(red/brown)
-
Chianina
-Color
-Known for?
tallest breed of cattle
6 feet tall or more
-Gray or Black
Piedmontese
-Known for?
Gray DOUBLE MUSCLED (myostatin gene)
Santa Gertrudis
Cross of?
-City created?
-Known for?
-Person
-Issue
shorthorn + brahma
-KINGSVILLE (1ST AMERICAN CATTLE)
-IMMUNITY TO PARASITES (HEARDY)
-Richard Cleburn
-Texas Cattle Fever (issue)
Braford -cross of?
Brahma + Hereford
White face/red +
Brangus- cross of?
Polled
(brahma + angus)
Charbray-cross of?
Charlarois + Brahma
Beefmaster - cross of?
hereford + Shorthorn + brahma
(FERTILE /DOCILE)
-Few problems
Beefalo-cross of?
Bison / Cattle Cross
Double muscle gene
myostatin
Texas LongHorn
-Today is bred for?
-Commericially at birth?
Length of horns
-Small calf (easily calved)
-
Senepol looks like
-created where
-Known for
Red without Horns (polled)
-CREATED IN VIRGIN ISLANDS
-Heat Tolerant
Holstein Friesan is __breed of cow
-Colors
-Known for
-Dystocia incidence
DAIRY
-RED/White or BLACK/white
-Butter/Protein (usually lower)
-20% incidence of dystocia
Jersey
-Size
-Milk production
-Known b/c
Smaller than Holstein
-Outproduce Holstein in milkload & butterfat
-ONLY BREED that is INCREASING in NUMBER in the WORLD
Guernsey
-Produce what type of Milk
-Known b/c
-Milk is high in
ALPHA 2 MILK (better than regular milk)
-MAKING a comeback in US
-Keratine
-Red and White
Breed that produces ALPHA 2 milk
Guernsey
Ayrshire
-Known for
-Very digestible milk (GOOD FOR BABY)
-MORE PROTEIN and MORE FAT than holstein
Brown Swiss
-Known for
-HIGH BUTTER FAT
-KNOWN for BLACK HOOVES
-Higher INCIDENCE OF LAMENESS
Miniature Cattle are..
Dexter cattle
Dairy Shorthorn
-Dual purpose (beef /dairy)
Lice of Cattle
-Most common -
-Exacerbated by?
-Major problem
-Treatment
WINTER TIME
-Poor nutrition / overcrowding
-SUCKING LICE Anemia (MAYBE with high loads of sucking lice)
-Usually POUR ON at 2 WEEK CYCLES
(MUST TREAT ALL ANIMALS IN HERD)
Mite of Cattle
-Common
RARE
Tromicula
-AKA __mite
-Found where?
ITCH MITE
-FOUND IN BEDDING
-MAY BITE leg and cause reaction
Sucking louse of cattle
-Haematopinus eurysternus
-Linognathus vituli
Biting louse of cattle
Damalinia Bovis
Signs of lice
Rough/Shaggy hair coat
-Patchy/NON-PRURITIC ALOPECIA
-MORE LIKELY TO SEE NITS (eggs) than LICE ITSELF
Mites in cattle most likely to be seen in
-Mite with INTENSE PRURITUS
WINTER
-CHORIOPTES/SARCOPTES
This mite will cause WHEELS in skin and wrinking
SARCOPTES
Screw-worm is..
-AKA
-Signs
Cochliomyia Hominivorax
-ERADICATED from US
-REPORTABLE
-CUTANEOUS MYIASIS
BlowFlies Include
-House Fly - musca domestica
-Flesh Fly
-Blue Bottle Fly
-Green Bottle Fly
-Sheep Blow FLy
Most economic LOSS IN CATTLE
-Feed how
-causes
-Transmits
HORN FLY (HAEMATOBIA IRRITANS)
-Pasture Fly
-NON-BITING
-UPSIDE DOWN (on SIDE / BELLY)
-Causes BLOODLOSS
-transmitsSTEPHANOFILARIA (on ventral midline)
Face fly
-transmits
Musca Autumnalis
-Transmits PINKEYE
-NON-BITING
3 flies that can transmit Anaplasma
-Stable fly -stomoxys Calcitrans
-Horse fly (tabanus)
-Deer Fly (Chrysops)
FLY CONTROL PROGRAM
-When to institute
Pyrethroid and Organophosphate ROTATION
-Rotate EAR TAG (2 ears tags + Pour-On)
-200-250 flies per animal
Economic Threshold when to institute FLY CONTROL
200-250 flies
Other ways to treat FLIES (2)
ORAL MEDS (that passes with feces)
-TINY WASPS (with shorter life cycle that FLY)
(lay eggs on fly pupa and wasp eats it)
ORGANIC FARM way to treat flies
TINY WASPS
Stephanofilaria transmitted by
-Clinical significance
-Lesion
Ventral MIDLINE of CATTLE (alopecia)
-No clinical signficance
-Transmitted by HORN FLY
Most common tick causing problem in St. Kitts..causes
Amblyomma (causing infection with dermatophilus)
Dermatophilis is ..
ZOONOTIC
Warble fly is..
-Unique
-AKA
-Can cause
-TO TREAT?
Hypoderma Bovis
-Can cause NEUROLOGIC SIGNS
-Flies lay eggs on legs and migrate to SPINAL CORD
-NO MOUTH
-IVERMECTIN to TREAT
Cat Fleas from..
Cats sleeping with CALF
-Fleas on cat jump to CALF and CAUSE ANEMIA
-