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46 terms

Egyptian Vocab. Mrs. Haley

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A.D "Anne Domini" or "The Year of our Lord"
The number of years since the birth of jesus
anthropomorphic
having human form or characteristics
archaeology
the interdisciplinary study of human past including people, customs, and life of ancient times
ba
an Egyptian spiritual concept that can be roughly translated as one's soul. this is often depicted as a bird with a human's head
B.C.
Refers to the number of years before the birth of Jesus
B.C.E. Before Common Era
Refers to the same time period as B.C.
C.E. Common Era
The equivalent to A.D. or the numbers of years since the birth of Jesus
Cenotaph
a tomb or monument erected in honor of a person whose body is buried elsewhere
Cheops
a pharaoh that was often depicted as cruel and mean
Circa
"Around that time" Usually abbreviated ca or c
coregency
a practice in which the royal successor is chosen and rules alongside the reigning king to ensure a competent transition from one to the other
cuniform
wedge-shaped; a system of writing developed by the sumerians using a reed stylus to create wedge-shaped impressions on a clay tablet
Duat
the Egyptian netherworld of land of the dead
dynasty
a series of rulers from the same family
Egyptology
the study of ancient Egypt
Egyptomania
the fascination with the culture of ancient Egypt.
epigraphy
the art of recording inscriptions.
Exodus
the second book of the Old Testament: tells of the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt led by Moses
Genesis
the first book of the Old Testament: tells of creation and contains the story of Moses in Egypt
Graeco-Roman Period
refers to the time period during which the Romans and Greeks ruled Egypt beginning in 332 B.C.
Heb-Sed festival
rejuvenates king, occurred every 30 years to show the continuing vitality of the king
Hellenistic
relating to or characteristic of the classical Greek civiliHzation
Hieratic
a cursive form of Egyptian hieroglyphics
Hieroglyphics
egyptian writing system
inundation
the annual flooding of the Nile River, which produced a regular renewal of agricultural land
ka
the spiritual self of a human being in Egyptian mythology
maat
the Egyptian concept of truth, justice, and cosmic order, represented by a goddess, often portrayed with a feather upon her head
mastaba
Arabic for "bench", rectangular brick with sloping sides
Mitzraim
the Hebrew word for Egypt
monotheism
one god
natron
a naturally occurring white chemical substance that was used in the mummification process as a dehydrating agent.
necropolis
n. A city of the dead.
Neolithic
latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere)
Nile River
the world's longest river (4180 miles)
nomarchs
the leaders or governors of nomes.
nomes
the various provinces of Upper and Lower Egypt
ostracon
a piece of broken pottery or a flake of stone that serves as a writing surface
Paleolithic Old Stone Age
age from 10,000 to 2.5 million years ago
Papyrology
the study of (primarily Greek) papyrus documents, typically from Egypt.
Papyrus
paper made from the papyrus plant by cutting it in strips and pressing it flat
Polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
Prehistory
time before written text
sarcophagus
a stone coffin (usually bearing sculpture or inscriptions)
stele
A stone slab or pillar with carvings or inscriptions
tell
a mound representing the accumulated debris of past human settlements. Also known as Kom
vizier
the highest office in the Egyptian governmental hierarchy below the king