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92 terms

TOEFL p128~135

STUDY
PLAY
potent
力強い、有力な
the cement is -- and should be mixed with water
concession
譲歩
coherent
首尾一貫した
he could not present a coherent defense of his theory
allotment
割り当て、配当
iceberg
氷山
Neptune
海王星
seclusion
隔離、孤立、引きこもること
glossary
用語解説、用語辞典
scrape
こすり取る、磨く、削る
he scraped the mud from his shoes.
lick
なめる
animals have a habit of licking their wounds
soothe
和らげる、なだめる
in palliative care, the doctors soothe their patient's pain
particle
粒子、細片
definitive
最終的な、決定的な
he made a definitive decision
sprinkle
(水を)まく
one hot day, in the back lanes of Ginza,the residents sprinkled water to let the ground cool
devoid
~を欠いている
he is not popular in his class because he is devoid of
humor
rebel
反逆者
rally
集会、ラリー
be clad with
~でおおわれている
the mountain is clad with snow
invoke
呼び覚ます、祈願する、嘆願する、(法に)訴える
the speech of the dean invoked our challenging spirit
oblivion
忘却
appraise
鑑定する、評価する、判断する
the expert appraised the ancient pot.
amiable
愛想の良い、好意的な
his amiable smile attracted many people.
despise
軽蔑する、馬鹿にする
the newly inaugurated president despises bureaucrats.
mineralogy
鉱物学
appendix
付録
throne
(バラなどの)トゲ
exhaustive
消耗させる、徹底的な、完全な
the work is really exhaustive
itinerary
旅行日程(表)
reclaimed land
埋立地、開墾地
scapegoat
他人の罪をかぶる人、身代わり
transplant
移植
dissent
異議を唱える
i dissented from the decision to proceed with the project
consolidate
合併(統合)する
Bank A and bank B consolidated.
precise
はっきりした、几帳面な、まじめな
extort
強要する、無理強いする
that store extorted high prices for trinkets
inflame
燃え上がらせる
the price increase inflamed tempers among the farmers.
segregation
隔離、差別すること
founder
(計画などが)失敗する、つぶれる
the new enterprise foundered.
forehead
sober
地味な
ingrate
恩知らず
discerning
明敏な、洞察力のある
his discerning judgment helped us.
abstain
慎む
the man abstained from smoking.
tuberculosis
結核
saturate
すっかり濡らす、満たす
the lawn was saturated with water.
perish
死ぬ、滅びる
she perished in the flood.
arbitrary
独断的な、気ままな
the president made an arbitrary decision.
blast
爆破する
somber
薄暗い、陰気な
she always wore clothes of somber colors to show her sadness
conspicuous
目立つ、派手な
she is conspicuous for her beauty
strain
引っ張る、引き締める
he strained at the rope with all his strength.
archaeology
考古学
tomb
erroneous
誤った、間違った
the meteorological agency made forecasts on the basis of - global surface temperature date
momentum
運動量、はずみ
centrist
中道主義者
tempt
誘惑する、そそのかす
the Dutch governor tried to tempt Native Americans to sell Manhattan with trinkets.
deploy
(軍を)配備{展開}する
the commander of the Union deploys his forces immediately
detect
見つける、看破する
temporary
一時的な、つかの間の
he suffered a temporary loss of memory from the accident.
wander
ぶらつく、放浪する
he had nothing to do but - around the park.
perspective
眺望、前途、遠近法
frontier
国境、辺境、フロンティア
bolster
高める、支持する
the polls showed that the president's speech - his popularity
comply
従う
we must - with the law
leopard
ヒョウ
bankruptcy
倒産
precede
~に先立つ
the guide preceded the passengers to the bus
proliferation
激増、拡散
consecutive
連続的な、引き続く
the - recessions depleted most of the wealth of the nation
plenitude
十分、豊富
insane
正気でない、狂気の
what he had done to us was insane
petty
ささいな、価値の少ない、取るに足らない
the cause of the war was a - matter
hearth
(暖炉の)炉
stimulant
刺激物
criterion
基準、標準
exert
努力する、用いる、発揮する
he exerted himself and discovered the actual extent of his ability
swamp
沼地
jurisdiction
(司法などの)管轄権
glitter
キラキラ輝く
all that glitters is not gold
ethnology
民族学
frugal
質素な、倹約する
he leads a frugal life in the countryside
trim
手入れする、刈り込む
she trimmed herself up before she held interviews with reporters
expose
(日光などに)さらす
it is not good for you to expose your skin to sunlight for a long time
spiral
らせんの
erratic
不規則な、むらのある
mail delivery there is erratic , making it hard for business
affliction
苦痛、災難
setback
妨げ、逆転、後退
compel
強制する
the dictatorial leader compelled the colonist to pay taxes
enmity
敵意、憎しみ
endorse
裏書きする、支持する
will you endorse the check and show me your ID, please?
frown
まゆをひそめる
the chairman frowned at the critical evaluations of his members