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44 terms

Chapter 37

Eisenhower Era
STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following was not true of the changing nature of work in the 1950s
There were fewer jobs in the military related aerospace industry
During the late 1940s and early 1950s most American Women
cared for their families and did not work outside the home
The impact of mass media on religion was reflected in the rise of religious televangelists like
Billy Graham and Oral Roberts
The fundamental criticism directed against the new popular mass media culture in the 1950s, by such social critics as David Riesman and William H. Whyte Jr. was that
Americans had become affluent conformists unable to think for themselves.
Richard Nixon was selected as Dwight Eisenhower's vice-presidential runnning mate in 1952 as a concession to the
hard-line anticommunists
Richard Nixon's Checkers speech, during the 1952 presidential campaign
demonstrated the new power of television and kept him on the republican ticket
During the 1952 preseidential campaign, Republican candidate Dwight Eisenhower declared that he would __________ to help to end the Korean War.
personally go to Korea
In terms of politics, television did all of the following except
enable political parties to continue their role of education and mobilizing the electorate.
Dwight Eisenhower's greatests asset as president was his
enjoyment of the affection and respect of the American people
Among anticommunists, Senator Joseph R. McCarthy was the
one who most damaged free speech and fair play
The record would seem to indicate that President Eisenhower's strongest commitment during his presidency was to
social harmony
In response to Senator Joseph McCarthy's anticommunist attacks, President Eisenhower
allowed him to control personnel policy at the State Department
Senator Joseph McCarthy first rose to national prominence by
charging that dozens of known communists were working within the US State Department
Perhaps Senator Joseph McCarthy's most outrageous charge was that
General George C. Marshall was part of a procommunist conspiracy to betray America
As a result of Senator McCarthy's crusade against communist subversion in America
the state department lost a number of asian specialists who might have counseled a wiser course in vietnam
Senator McCarthy's anticommunist cruse ended when he
attacked the united states army for allegedly sheltering communists
The new militancy and restlessness among many members of the african american community after 1945 was especially generated by
the gap between american ideals and racial practices revealed by World War II.
In an effort to overturn Jim Crow laws and the segregated system that they had created,. african americans used all of the following methods except
appeals to foreign governments to pressure the United Sates to establish racial justice
when singer Paul Robeson began to criticize American racial policies in Europe
the state department revoked Robeson's passport
Swedish writer Gunnar Myrdal's An American Dilemma essentially argued that
America's racial segregation was a hypocritical contradiction of its democratic ideals.
Which of the following is least related to the other four?
orval faubus
The supreme court began to advance the cause of civil rights in the 950's because
congress and the presidency had largely abdicated their responsibilities by keeping hands off the issue
in the epochal 1954 decision in brown v board of education of topeka, the supreme court
declared that the concept of seperate but equal facilities for blacks and whites was unconstitutional
the 1954 supreme court case that ruled racially segregated school systems inherently unequal was
brown v board of education
on the subject of racial justice, President Eisenhower
had advised against integrating the armed forces
president dwight eisenhower's attitude toward racial justice can best be descrived as
not inclined toward promoting intregration
the student nonviolent coordinating committee was an outgrowth of the
sitin movement launched by young southern blacks
as president, dwight eisenhower supported
putting the brakes on military spending
president eisenhower defined the domestic philosophy of his administration as
dynamic conservatism
dwight eisenhower's policies toward native maericans included
a return to the assimilations goals of the dawes severalty act of 1887
the eisenhower-promoted public works project that was far larger and more expnesive than anything in roosevelt's new deal was the
interstate highway system
during his presidency, dwight eisenhower accepted the principle and extended the benefits of
the social security system
as a part of hi new look foreign policy, president eisenhower
called for open skies over both the united states and soviet union
as the grench fortress of dienbienphu was about to fall to ho chi minh's communist forces in 1954, president eisenhower
refused to permit any american military involvement
president eisenhower vehemently anticommunist secretary of state, through most of his two administrations, was
John Foster Dulles
Thhe basic military strategy of eisenhower's and dulles's new look foreign policy in the 1950s aimed at
greater relianceon air power and the deterrent power of nuclear weapons than on the army and navy
in 1956, when hungary revolted against continued domination by the soviet union, the united states under dwight eisenhower
did nothing to help to defeat communists
the leader of the nationalist movement in vietnam since world war I was
Ho Chi Minh
The 1955 Geneva Conference
called for the two vietnams to hold national elections within two years
in response to supposed soviet threat to middle eastern oil, the american central intelligence agency in 1953
staged a soup to overthrow the iranian government and install shah mohammed rez pahlevi as dictater
in 1956 the united states condemned ____________ as the aggressors in the suez canal crisis.
britain and france
during the 1950s, the central intelligence agency engineered pro-american political coups in both
iran and guatemala
the suez crisis marked the last time in history that the united states could
use its oil weapon to make foreign policy demands
the 1957 eisenhower doctrine empowered the president to extend economic and military aid to nations of _____________ that wanted help to resist communist aggression
the middle east