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198 terms

English Chapter 1

SOS English Chapter 1
STUDY
PLAY
What is meant by "citing a source?"
naming the source of the information
It is necessary to cite a source because:
it is academically correct, it is proper to give the author credit, the idea, work, or material is someone else's
Ideas, works, and words that are someone else's must be documented because:
they are someone's hard work, ideas, or words, they do not belong to the student, they are not original with the student
True or False? Citing a source is correct academic documentation of other people's ideas, words, or works.
True
True or False? Plagiarism damages reputations and relationships.
False
True or False? To be charged with plagiarism is a minor offense.
False
True or False? Plagiarism is an issue of a person's honesty and character.
True
True or False? There is no difference between paraphrasing and summarizing.
False
True or False? A paraphrase, when used in an essay, must be cited because, although it is in your own words, it is still another's ideas or work.
True
True or False? A good, clear, complete paraphrase must be cited.
True
True or False? A summary of a paragraph is much shorter than a paraphrase.
True
True or False? A summary does not need to be cited as to its source because a summary is your own words.
False
is made during research to tell the facts about the source one is using.
Documentation
Which information goes on a note card?
author's name and page number for information found
A word that modifies or describes a noun or pronoun is called a(n)
adjective
What is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea?
noun
Words are classified as parts of speech according to their
use in a sentence.
A particular person, place, or thing within a general class is named by a
proper noun.
A common noun that refers to a quality, state, idea, or action rather than a physical object
abstract noun
A noun naming a physical object that can be perceived by the senses.
concrete noun
A noun that combines two or more words as a single noun.
compound noun
A noun that names a group of more than one person, place, or thing.
collective noun
An example of an abstract noun is:
love (emotion)
Cupful is an example of a(n)
compound noun
Nouns that name things that you cannot perceive by the senses are
abstract nouns
A noun that combines two or more words as a single noun is a(n)
compound noun
A compound noun may be written as:
one word, two or more words, or as a hyphenated word
The plural form of syllable
syllables
The plural form of brush
brushes
The plural form of report
reports
The plural form of dress
dresses
The plural form of tax
taxes
The plural form of buzz
buzzes
The plural form of peach
peaches
The plural form of rodeo
rodeos
The plural form of studio
studios
The plural form of trio
trios
The plural form of hero
heroes
The plural form of tomato
tomatoes
With some exceptions, the plural of nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant is formed by adding
-es.
The plural of a noun ending in o preceded by a vowel is formed by adding
-s.
The plurals of nouns ending in s, x, z, ch, and sh are formed by adding
-es.
Form the plural of a noun ending in y preceded by a vowel by
adding -s
Form the plural of a noun ending in y preceded by a consonant by
changing the y to i and adding -es
To form the irregular plural of some nouns ending in f or fe,
add -s.
To form the plural of many nouns ending in f or fe,
change the f or fe to v and add -es
The plural form of monkey
monkeys
The plural form of toy
toys
The plural form of valley
valleys
The plural form of ally
allies
The plural form of life
lives
The plural form of belief
beliefs
The plural form of child
children
The plural form of man
men
The plural form of father-in-law
fathers-in-law
The plural form of post office
post offices
The plural form of cupful
cupfuls
The plural form of chalkboard
chalkboards
The plural form of railway
railways
Form the plural of compound nouns with more than one word or in hyphenated form by adding the appropriate plural inflection, -s or -es, to the
main part of the compound.
True or False? Form the plural of some nouns by changing the spelling of the singular form of the word.
True
True or False? Form the plural of compound nouns written as one word by adding the appropriate plural sign -s or -es to the first part of the word.
False
alumna: Singular or Plural? She is an alumna of Iowa State University.
Singular
alumna: Singular or Plural? The alumnae are having a fund-raising dinner
Plural
basis: Singular or Plural? The basis of their friendship was a common interest in travel.
Singular
basis: Singular or Plural? The bases for salvation rest upon Jesus' offering of forgiveness and a person's acceptance of his offer.
Plural
nucleus: Singular or Plural? Nuclei of cells are located in different positions in different kind of cells
Plural
nucleus: Singular or Plural? A cell needs a nucleus in order to grow and divide into other cells.
Singular
analysis: Singular or Plural? An analysis of the situation will help solve the problem.
Singular
analysis: Singular or Plural? The experts prepared written analyses of the traffic problem.
Plural
means: Singular or Plural? What are the means by which you are going to solve the problems?
Plural
means: Singular or Plural? Quick thinking is the means by which trouble is often avoided.
Singular
series: Singular or Plural? A series of rainy days spoiled the camping trip.
Singular
scissors: Singular or Plural? He sharpened all the scissors in the schoolroom.
Plural
civics: Singular or Plural? A study of civics is helpful in preparing a student for life as an adult.
singular
riches: Singular or Plural? All the riches in the world cannot buy happiness.
plural
athletics: Singular or Plural? Athletics is recommended for high school students.
Singular
The possessive form of horse
horse's
The possessive form of friend
friend's
The possessive form of teacher
teacher's
The possessive form of dogs
dog's
The possessive form of girls
girls'
The possessive form of guests
guests'
The possessive form of businessmen
businessmen's
The possessive form of sisters-in-law
sisters-in-law's
The possessive form of Secretaries of State
Secretaries of State's
The possessive form of oxen
oxen's
The possessive form of "The fathers of Theresa and Marilyn."
Theresa's and Marilyn's fathers.
The possessive form of "The mother of Millie and Mike."
Millie and Mike's mother
Added to or following another as an explanation or identification.
appositive position
Located among the words that express something about the subject.
predicate position
Two or more words, joined by a hyphen, used as a single adjective to modify a noun
compound adjective
Standing next to (in front of) another.
attributive position
What adjective form or position is the stared word or phrase? "Snoopy is my favorite comic-strip character."
compound
What adjective form or position is the stared word or phrase? "A warm, humid breeze is blowing."
coordinate
What adjective form or position is the stared word or phrase? "The beautiful girl is smiling."
attributive
What adjective form or position is the stared word or phrase? "The tree, green and slender, bent in the summer breeze."
appositive
What adjective form or position is the stared word or phrase? "The woman at the desk is competent."
predicate
True or False? Superlative means of the highest (or lowest) kind.
True
Make the word an adjective. "hero"
heroic
Make the word an adjective. "self"
selfish
Make the word an adjective. "boy"
boyish
Make the word an adjective. "act"
active
Make the word an adjective. "pass"
passive
Make the word an adjective. "help"
helpful
Make the word an adjective. "fame"
famous
Make the word an adjective. "nerve"
nervous
Make the word an adjective. "velvet"
velvety
Make the word an adjective. "enjoy"
enjoyable
Make the word an adjective. "nature"
natural
Make the word an adjective. "Asia"
Asian
Which adjectives are more likely to use more or most in forming comparatives and superlatives?
three-syllable adjectives
Which adjective is not superlative? least, more, clearest,
more
True or False? A proper noun names a particular person, place, or thing within a general class
True
True or False? The word cupful is an example of an abstract noun.
False
True or False? To form the plural of a noun ending in y preceded by a vowel, simply add s.
True
True or False? To form the plural of a noun ending in y preceded by a consonant, simply add s.
False
True or False? All nouns that have plural forms are plural in meaning.
False
True or False? The plural form of some nouns is the same as the singular form
True
True or False? There are nouns that appear only in the plural form.
True
Form the possessive of most singular nouns by adding:
's
Form the possessive of plural nouns that end in s by adding:
'
Form the possessive of plural nouns that do not end in s by adding:
's
When two or more words are used as a single adjective to modify a noun, that adjective becomes a ___ adjective.
compound
An adjective that precedes the noun it modifies is in the ___ position.
attributive
An adjective that follows the verb and modifies the subject is in the ___ position.
predicate
An adjective that expresses the highest or lowest degree of comparison among three or more nouns is in the ___ degree.
superlative
Names referring to Deity, the Bible, and divisions of the Bible are_____________nouns and ____________be capitalized.
proper and should
select the abstract nouns. "iron, vanity, faith, Bible, perseverance, lamb, grace, tooth"
vanity, perseverance, faith, grace
The word assembly is an example of a(n)
collective noun
The word newspaper is an example of a(n)
compound noun
The plural of church is
churches
The plural of sky is
skies
The plural of monkey is
monkeys
The plural of wharf is
wharves
A compound noun may be written:
as one word, as a hyphenated word, or as two words
A word used to modify verbs, adjectives, or adverbs.
adverb
Indicates the time of the action or being.
tense
A word used to express action or being.
verb
A verb that either has no receiver of the action named or expresses no action.
intransitive verb
Indicates whether the subject names the actor or the receiver of the action expressed by the verb.
voice
Indicates whether an act is presented as a fact, contrary to fact, a wish, or a command.
mood
A verb that has a receiver of the action named. It transfers the action from the actor to a direct object
transitive verb
Present:_______ Past________ Past Participle: (have) ridden
ride and rode
Present: obey Past:__________ Past Participle:___________
obeyed and (have) obeyed
Present: bring Past:__________ Past Participle:__________
brought and (have brought)
Present:____________ Past:___________ Past Participle: have got (gotten)
get and got
Present: swing Past:_________ Past Participle__________
swung and (have) swung
Present: bear Past: bore Past Participle:___________
(have) borne
Present: beat Past:_________ Past Participle: (have) beaten
beat
Present: choose Past:__________ Past Participle: (have) chosen
Chose
Present: swear Past: swore Past Participle: _________
(have) sworn
Present:_______ Past: tore Past Participle: (have) torn
tear
Present: ___________ Past: began Past Participle:___________
begin and (have) begun
Present: swim Past:_________ Past Participle:_________
swam and (have) swum
Present: come Past:__________ Past Participle:_________
came and (have) come
Present:______ Past: ate Past Participle:____________
eat and (have) eaten
expresses time
tense
reveals whether subject is actor or receiver of action
voice
the manner in which action is presented
mood
What is the tense of the stared verb in the following sentence? Your sister had gone when we arrived.
past perfect
What is the tense of the stared verb in the following sentence? He moved that the committee be appointed by the president.
subjunctive
What is the tense of the stared verb in the following sentence? Submit your reports on Wednesday.
imperative
What is the tense of the stared verb in the following sentence? Before he enters the race, he will have been examine by his doctor.
future perfect passive
What is the tense of the stared verb in the following sentence? We shall attend church on Good Friday
future
What is the tense of the stared verb in the following sentence? If Sandy were here, this never would have happened.
subjunctive
What is the tense of the stared verb in the following sentence? Please go to the store for me.
imperative
What is the tense of the stared verb in the following sentence? When he finds out, he will be surprised that we knew all along.
future passive
What is the tense of the stared verb in the following sentence? Stop!
imperative
The ___________ of a verb is the arrangement of its forms according to tense, voice, person, and number.
conjugation
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to see" Third person singular, active voice, present perfect.
Pronoun;it Verb: has seen
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to be" First person singular, past perfect.
Pronoun: I Verb: had been
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to have" First person plural, future perfect
Pronoun: we Verb:shall have had
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to have" Second person singular or plural, past perfect
Pronoun: you Verb: had had
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to be" First person singular, future
Pronoun: I Verb: Shall Be
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to be" Third person plural, future perfect
Pronoun: they Verb: will have been
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to have" Third person singular, present
Pronoun: It Verb: has
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to see" Third person plural, future perfect, active voice
Pronoun: they Verb: will have seen
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to see" First person plural, present perfect, passive voice
Pronoun: we Verb: have been seen
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to see" First person singular, future perfect, passive voice
Pronoun: it Verb: will have been seen
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to see" Third person plural, future, passive voice
Pronoun: they Verb: will be seen
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to be" First person singular, past
Pronoun: I Verb: was
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to be" First person plural, future
Pronoun: we Verb: will be
What is the indicated conjugation of the following verb? "to be" Second person plural, future perfect
Pronoun:you Verb: will have been
no receiver is named
intransitive complete
subject is the doer
transitive active
no action is expressed
intransitive linking
subject is the receiver
transitive passive
systematic arrangement of the forms of a verb according to tense, voice, mood, person, and number
conjugation
Read the following sentence. Decide if the verb is used as transitive or intransitive. The sun set.
intransitive
Read the following sentence. Decide if the verb is used as transitive or intransitive. Sammy watched television all night.
transitive
Read the following sentence. Decide if the verb is used as transitive or intransitive. The old man watched as the children snuck across his field.
intransitive
Read the following sentence. Decide if the verb is used as transitive or intransitive. I slept over at Martin's last night.
intransitive
(lie / lay) If you feel ill,___________ down for a while.
lie
(lie / lay) The student (past tense)_________ his books on the desk
layed
(sit / set) Please don't _____________on the steps
sit
(sit / set) Have you (past tense) ____________on the steps before?
sat
(rise / raise) The level of the river (past tense)_____________last week.
rose