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Art I Final

STUDY
PLAY
brayer
printmaker's roller
burnish
to rub with friction in order to transfer a print to paper; used when printing press is not
linoleum block
piece of thick, soft, cork linoleum often mounted on a block of wood that is then carved on using a relief technique
printing press
machine that transfers lettering or images by contact with various forms of inked surfaces on to paper
bird's eye view
anything above the horizon line
worm's eye view
anything below the horizon line
foreshortening
refers to the visual effect or optical illusion that an object or distance appears shorter than it actually is because it is angled toward the viewer
one point perspective
objects having only one vanishing point
two point perspective
objects have two vanishing points
contrast
created by using elements that conflicts with one another; created by using complementary colors or light and dark values
unity
defines the arrangement of elements and principles to create a feeling of completeness
emphasis
point of attraction in a piece of art that draws the viewers eye
balance
arranging elements so that no one part of a work overpowers or seems heavier than any other part
rhythm/movement
indicates movement by the repetition of elements; can make art seem active
repetition
describes when an element occurs over and over again in a composition
line
path of a point
space
height, width, and the illusion of depth
color
used to describe an object, show a symbol, invoke an emotion, and have a psychological meaning
value
relative light and darkness
shape
perceivable area
texture
actual or stimulated tactile quality/surface area
form
describes volume and mass
limestone and marble
building materials used for Greek architecture
archaic period art
stiff posture (Kouros)
classical period art
muscles began to be large and realistic; "perfect body"; began to move
hellenistic period art
made of bronze and marble; no balance; beauty less important than emotion
Nefertiti
most beautiful queen of Egypt
Egyptian drawing system
used grid, feet sideways, palms up, face sideways
Israelites
slaves, built Egyptian civilization
Alexander the Great
conquered and ended the Egyptian civilization