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Figurative Language

Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, [examples are metaphor, simile, and personification.


examining resemblances or differences


the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements


comparison using like or as

direct metaphor

Directly compares two things with a verb such as "is"

implied metaphor

Implies or suggests the comparison between the two thing without stating it directly

extended metaphor

The comparison between two things is continued beyond the first point of comparison. This extends and deepens a description.


representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature


something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible


is the literal meaining of the word


all the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests


having more than one possible meaning


the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author


an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up


the ability to form mental images of things or events

Lyric poem

a short poem of songlike quality


a narrative poem of popular origin


a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song

Folk Ballad

narrative poem designed to be sung, composed by an anonymous author, and transmitted orally for years or generations before being written down


representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature


the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch)

Metrical poetry

poetry that has a meter


is its rhythmical pattern determined by the number and any types stresses, or beats in each line


the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences

inverted sentences

a sentence in which the subject comes after the verb

free verse

Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme

Shakespearean Sonnet

a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg


correspondence in the sounds of two or more lines (especially final sounds)

end rhyme

Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry

internal rhyme

a rhyme between words in the same line

approximate rhyme

rhyme in which the final sounds of words are similar but not identical


use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse


using words that imitate the sound they denote

iambic pentameter

a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable

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