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34 terms

Semester Test-Adv. English 9/10

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Figurative Language
Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, [examples are metaphor, simile, and personification.
Comparison
examining resemblances or differences
Rhythm
the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements
similie
comparison using like or as
direct metaphor
Directly compares two things with a verb such as "is"
implied metaphor
Implies or suggests the comparison between the two thing without stating it directly
extended metaphor
The comparison between two things is continued beyond the first point of comparison. This extends and deepens a description.
personification
representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature
symbol
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
denotations
is the literal meaining of the word
connotations
all the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
Ambiguous
having more than one possible meaning
tone
the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author
Idiom
an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up
Imagery
the ability to form mental images of things or events
Lyric poem
a short poem of songlike quality
ballad
a narrative poem of popular origin
refrain
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
Folk Ballad
narrative poem designed to be sung, composed by an anonymous author, and transmitted orally for years or generations before being written down
Personification
representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature
Stress
the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch)
Metrical poetry
poetry that has a meter
meter
is its rhythmical pattern determined by the number and any types stresses, or beats in each line
Syntax
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
inverted sentences
a sentence in which the subject comes after the verb
free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Shakespearean Sonnet
a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg
Rhyme
correspondence in the sounds of two or more lines (especially final sounds)
end rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry
internal rhyme
a rhyme between words in the same line
approximate rhyme
rhyme in which the final sounds of words are similar but not identical
Alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound they denote
iambic pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable