1. The media include television, print, film, music, video games, radio, and the Internet.
2. The images portrayed in media have enormous influence on social values, societal images, desires, and relationships.
3. The values represented in the media, whether they are about violence, racist and sexist stereotypes, or any number of other social images, have a great effect on what we think and who we come to be.
-unconscious mind shapes human behavior
-psychoanalysis to discover causes of psychological probs
-depicts human psyche as three parts:
id- deep drive, impulses
superego- standards of society, values, norms, culture. in conflict with id which develops defense mechanisms such as repression, avoidance, denial. repressiveness of society
ego- reason, common sense, emerges from tension between id and superego
criticism: freud worked with small, unreprsented group of clients
-how gender shapes personality
-Since children identify with their same-sex parent, boys form personalities that are detached, independent, and less oriented toward others (―masculine personalities), whereas girls develop personalities based on attachment and an
orientation toward others (―feminine personalities).
-social roles are the basis of all social interaction
a. Taking the role of the other is the process of imagining oneself from the point of view of another.
b. imitation stage, children copy the behavior of those around them.
c. play stage, children take on the role of significant others.
d. game stage, children internalize an abstract understanding of how society sees them. At this stage the generalized other is formed.
def: generalized other—the abstract composite of a collective of social roles and expectations.
In this perspective, social identity
"me", as opposed to the active, creative, self defining part of the self, the
"I" is always in flux, constantly emerging, and dependent on social situations.