29 terms

8th Grade BA Terms

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Terms in this set (...)

cut time
cut the note value in half - half note=quarter note etc.
arpeggio
broken chord
enharmonic
same sounding note spelled differently - D#=Eb
coda
ending section of a piece
chromatic scale
scale built on halfsteps
flat
lowers a note 1/2 step
BEADGCF
flats in order
accent
stress note
tremelo
play same note quickly
fermata
hold note until conductor cuts you off
staccato
short stopped bow stroke
tempo markings
tells you how fast or slow to play a tempo - allegro, andante etc.
key change
when the key signature changes in the middle of a piece
key signature
tells you which notes to play flat, sharp or natural in a piece of music
accidental
when a note is altered with a sharp, flat or natural in a piece of music
intonation
to play in tune
a tempo
return to original tempo
natural
cancels a flat or sharp
FCGDAEB
sharps in order
harmonic minor scale
raise the 7th note 1/2 step
melodic minor scale
raise the 6th and 7th note 1/2 step going up and lower the 6th and 7th note 1/2 step going down
D.C. al fine
repeat back to the beginning and play until fine
D. S.
repeat back to the sign
adagio
slow tempo
harmonic
tones created by lightly touching a vibrating string into equal sections
rallentando
gradually slow down
shifting
smoothly sliding your hand to a new position on your instrument
spiccato
a light bouncing stroke, played off the string
vibrato
a rapid fluctuation of pitch slightly higher or lower than the main pitch; this is done with the wrist and/or arm