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Biology- Chapter 18 Vocabulary (Viruses and Prokaryotes)
Terms in this set (23)
Biology Chapter 18 Vocabulary
an infectious particle made only of a strand of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat.
any living organism or particle that can cause an infectious disease.
infectious particles that cause disease in plants.
an infectious particle made only of protein that can cause other proteins to fold incorrectly.
protein shell that surrounds a virus.
viruses that infect bacteria.
infectious pathway of a virus in which host cells are destroyed.
infectious pathway of a virus in which host cells are not immediately destroyed.
DNA of a bacteriophage inserted into a hosts cell's DNA.
a rapid outbreak of an infection that affects many people.
substance that stimulates an immune response, producing acquired immunity without illness or infection.
a virus that contains RNA and uses and enzyme (called reverse transcriptase) to make a DNA copy.
prokaryotes that cannot live in the presence of oxygen.
organisms that need oxygen in their environment.
prokaryotes that can survive whether oxygen is present in the environment or not.
a small piece of genetic material that can replicate separately from the prokaryote's main chromosome.
a long whiplike structure outside of a cell that is used for movement.
process by which a prokaryote transfers part of its chromosome to another prokaryote.
prokaryotic cell with a thick, protective wall surrounding its DNA.
a process that uses microbes and other living things to break down pollutants. example-some types of bacteria can digest oil.
a poison released by an organism
chemicals that kill or slow the growth of bacteria- work by stopping bacteria from making cell walls.
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