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Models of addiction chapter 3 substance abuse
Terms in this set (12)
Causes of addiction
Childhood experiences, violent crimes, and those who have spiritual beliefs deep-rooted feel that spiritual interventions are necessary when someone behaves violently or does something wrong.
The moral model
States that AOD is a choice; addiction is a symptom of a lack of morals and or a lack of willpower.
employed by some religious groups and law-enforcement. In states where DUI violators are only punished and not assessed for substance-abuse the moral model guides the policy. This model can be a stigma
Sociocultural models of addiction
State cultural ethnic and religious and environmental conditions or casual factors an addiction. Certain situations such as being an immigrant, living in poverty, influence, and certain cultures may increase risks for substance abuse
Psychological model of addiction
States it's the primary psychological problem that causes emotional pain in the alcohol and drugs are he means to temporarily relieve the pain. Some proponents of this model also believe that an addictive personality may exist.
Disease model of addiction
States addiction is primary, chronic, and a progressive disease, probably caused by a genetic predisposition. The disease of addiction is a primary disease which exists in and of itself and is not secondary to some other condition. This model is the most popular and controversial and widely used by many treatment centers
Disease model of addiction stages
Early-stage prodromal phase- 1.increased tolerance to alcohol, blackouts, sneaking in gulping drinks, and guilt feelings about drinking and related behaviors.
2. Middle phase (crucial phase) loss of control over drinking, personality changes, lots of friends in jobs, and preoccupation with protecting the supply about the hall.
3. Last stage, chronic stage, morning drinking, violations of ethical standards, tremors and hallucinations
Disease model of addiction Key points
The stages are progressive, the rate of progression depends on factors such as aids drug of choice gender and physiological predisposition. Adolescence progress faster than adults, females faster than males, users of stimulants faster than users of alcohol. Progression of the disease is unaffected by periods of sobriety
Evidence to support the disease model
Based on the similarity between addiction another chronic illness in example asthma, diabetes, hypertension. Voluntary nature of chemical addiction
Critics of the disease
Doubted based on limited research, accusations of the alcohol industry contributing to the idea of the disease model, alcoholism does not inevitably progress
Disease model advantages of the disease concept
Removes the moral stigma, coverages by insurance, greater interest in research field, disease model allows the addict or alcoholic the ability to understand they are not like others, allows individuals to use negative physiological consequences as a means for abstinence
Disease model disadvantages
Individuals may avoid getting help if they don't fit the disease model, idea that the model remove responsibility from the attic.
Biophysical model of addiction
Takes into consideration various factors that may lead to addiction. Genetic predisposition physical or emotional pain and environmental circumstances. It incorporates the other marbles into a single model.
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