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35 terms

Freshmen: English 1 CP

Freshmen year terms for semester two exams
STUDY
PLAY
Personification
giving human qualities to animals or objects
Simile
a comparison of two unlike things using like or as
Metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things without using the word like or as.
Extended Metaphor
a metaphor which extends over several lines or an entire poem
Plot Diagram
is a tool used to keep track of the parts of the plot.
Setting
The time and place of a story
1st Person
when the narrator is telling the story from his/her point of view, the word "I" is present outside of quotes
2nd Person
the narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said using the personal pronoun "you" this p.o.v. is rare.
3rd Person limited
the narrator is limited to the thoughts and feelings of one character
3rd Person Omniscient
A method of storytelling in which the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in the story.
Foreshadowing
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
Alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
Imagery
language that appeals to the senses
Verbal Irony
A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
Situational Irony
occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected
Dramatic Irony
when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't
Allusion
a reference to another work of literature, person, or event
Theme
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
Rhyme
correspondence in the sounds of two or more lines (especially final sounds)
Rhyme Scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
Sonnet
a short poem with fourteen lines, usually ten-syllable rhyming lines, divided into two, three, or four sections
Couplet
a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse
Speaker
the person speaking in the poem, like the narrator in prose - not always the poet
Blank Verse
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
Free Verse
unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern
Soliloquy
a speech given by a character alone on stage
Hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
Pun
a play on words
Inference
logical conclusion based on observations
Mood
the overall emotion created by a work of literature
Tone
The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).
Symbol
something that stands for something else
Main Idea
what a piece of writing is mainly about
Methods of Characterization
1. By describing how a character looks and dresses
2. By letting the reader hear the character speak
3. By revealing the character's private thoughts and feelings
4. By showing how other characters feel or behave toward the character
5. By showing the character's actions
Characteristics
distinguishing traits, qualities, or properties