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Freshmen year terms for semester two exams


giving human qualities to animals or objects


a comparison of two unlike things using like or as


a comparison of two unlike things without using the word like or as.

Extended Metaphor

a metaphor which extends over several lines or an entire poem

Plot Diagram

is a tool used to keep track of the parts of the plot.


The time and place of a story

1st Person

when the narrator is telling the story from his/her point of view, the word "I" is present outside of quotes

2nd Person

the narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said using the personal pronoun "you" this p.o.v. is rare.

3rd Person limited

the narrator is limited to the thoughts and feelings of one character

3rd Person Omniscient

A method of storytelling in which the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in the story.


the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot


repetition of initial consonant sounds


language that appeals to the senses

Verbal Irony

A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant

Situational Irony

occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected

Dramatic Irony

when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't


a reference to another work of literature, person, or event


a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work


correspondence in the sounds of two or more lines (especially final sounds)

Rhyme Scheme

the pattern of rhyme in a poem


a short poem with fourteen lines, usually ten-syllable rhyming lines, divided into two, three, or four sections


a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse


the person speaking in the poem, like the narrator in prose - not always the poet

Blank Verse

unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)

Free Verse

unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern


a speech given by a character alone on stage


extreme exaggeration


a play on words


logical conclusion based on observations


the overall emotion created by a work of literature


The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).


something that stands for something else

Main Idea

what a piece of writing is mainly about

Methods of Characterization

1. By describing how a character looks and dresses
2. By letting the reader hear the character speak
3. By revealing the character's private thoughts and feelings
4. By showing how other characters feel or behave toward the character
5. By showing the character's actions


distinguishing traits, qualities, or properties

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