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18 terms

English Spring Exam Vocab

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personification
attributing human qualities and characteristics to objects or animals
apostrophe
figure of speech in which the speaker addresses someone absent as if he or she were present or an inanimate object as if it could reply
parallelism
balance of similar words, phrases, or clauses; the phrases are the same length and have the same structure
metaphysical poetry
unusual focus placed on intellectualism, theology, philosophy, science, and astronomy
conceit
comparison where the subject is compared to something that he/ she/ it would never normally be associated with
erudition
requires great intellectual effort to understand
paradox
apparent self- contradiction that reveals a sort of truth
metaphysical conceit
extended metaphor that makes a surprising or unexpected comparison
colloquial
everyday "common language"
aphorism
short, quotable sentence
satire
writing that uses humor to ridicule vices, follies and abuses
dialect
language and particularly the speech habits of a particular social class, region or group
elegy
lyrical poem or musical composition that laments death
inversion
reversal of normal word order
syncope
omitting letters or sounds within a word
pendant
companion poem
landed gentry
"gentlemen" in the early sense who owned extensive land in the form of estates; their sole job was to manage the land and support their family
realism
depiction of contemporary life and society "as they are"