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Chapter 13 and 14 Study guide
Terms in this set (33)
What does the phase God, glory, and gold mean?
Why did Afonso de Albuquerque want control of Melaka?
would help destroy Arab control of the spice trade and provide the Portuguese with a way station on the route to the Moluccas, then known as the spice islands
Why did the Spanish and the Portuguese sign the Treaty of Tordesillas?
They solved their concerns by agreeing on a line that divided their spheres of influence
What was the impact of the Spanish settlement on the Native Americans?
Forced labor, starvation, and disease
What products were sent from the Americas to Europe?
foreign goods, raw materials, and finished goods
were individuals whose guns and determination brought them incredible success.
is a settlement of people living in a new territory
a set of principles that dominated economic thought in the seventh century
Balance of trade
is the difference in value between what a nation imports and what it exports over time
large agricultural estates, were set up along the coast of Brazil and on the islands in the Caribbean to grow sugarcane.
the middle portion of the triangular trade route.
Describe the purpose and the path of the triangular trade.
The pattern of the triangular trade connected Europe, Africa and Asia, and the the American continents. The purpose was trading the goods among the different countries in the triangular trade.
It marked the emergence of a new world economy connecting Europe, Africa, Asia and America
What was the most common form of government throughout Africa? What other political systems existed?
Monarchy had become a prominent form of government thru much of the continent. West Africa was highly centralized by a King almost divine.
A fleet of war ships.
List the sequence of events that led to the Edict of Nantes.
The battle between Catholics and Huguenots lead to Henry of Navarre succeeded to the throne as Henry IV. As a Protestant he converted to Catholicism and was crowned king in 1594.
How important was Catholicism to Phillip II and the Spanish people?
During the Middle Ages, Catholic kingdoms in Spain had reconquered Muslim areas within Spain and expelled the Spanish Jews. Driven by this crusading heritage, Spain saw itself as a nation chosen by God to save Catholic Christianity from the Protestant heretics.
Why was Philip II confident that the Spanish could successfully invade England?
His advisers assured him that the people of England would rise against their queen when the spaniards arrived
divine right of kings
kings receive their power from God and are responsible only to God
declared England a republic
What were the characteristics of the majority of those accused of witchcraft?
The Common people-usually the poor and those without property.
Explain the causes for the inflation in Europe in the 1600's
The great influx of gold and silver from the Americans. A growing population in the sixteenth century increased the demand for land and food.
How did the Peace of Westphalia impact the Holy Roman Empire?
It stated that all German states, including the Calvinist ones, could determine their own religion. The more than three hundred states that had made up the Holy Roman Empire were virtually recognized as independent states, since each received the power to conduct its own foreign policy.
Trace the sequence of events that led to the English Bill of Rights.
James the first of England believed in the divine right of kings--that kings received the power from God and are responsible only to God. Complaints grew until England slipped into a civil war n 1642 between the supporters of the king (the Cavaliers or Royalists) and the parliamentary forces called the Roundheads.
After the restoration of the Stuart monarchy, Parliament kept much of the power it had gained earlier and continued to play and important role in government. In January 1689, Parliament offered the throne to William and Mary.
which a ruler holds total power
the Russian word for caesar
What steps did Louie XIV take to maintain absolute power?
The royal court that Louie established at Versailles served three purposes it was the personal house hold of the king. The chief offices of the state were located there. He got rid of the threat of high nobles and royal princes by removing them from the royal council. He would keep them busy with court life and keep them out of politics. He had complete authority over traditional areas of royal power, foreign policies, the church, and taxes
Why was Australian Monarchy unable to create a highly centralized, absolute state?
Because it was made up of so many different national groups such as Hungary, Transylvania, Croatia, and Slavonia
Why was it so important that Peter the great had a seaport on the Baltic?
He wanted have an open a window to the west for trade
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