63 terms

Constitution 2

Set #2 for Sermons Test
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Anarchy
Chaos/No One In Charge/No Government
Anti-Federalists
Against the Constitution/States more power
Federalists
In Favor of the Constitution/Strong National Government
Bill of Rights
1st 10 amendments to the Constitution/ List of Individual Rights and Liberties
3 types of Speech
Verbal/Symbolic/Expression
Right to Bear Arms
2nd Amendment/Weapons
Quartering
3rd Amendment/No Hosusing of Soldiers required
Warrant
Paper giving Judges Persmission to search
Search And Seizure Requirements
Probable Cause/What you are looking for and Where you are looking
Rights of the Accused
5th Amendment
Rights While on Trial
6th Amendment
Bail
Money Paid to get out of Jail
"Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Prohibited by 8th Amendment/ No Torture
Great Compromise
Big vs. Small States Over Representation in Congress/ Bicameral created
3/5ths Compromise
Slaves Count 60% of whites for purposes of Representation and Taxation
Triangular Trade
Foreign Slave Trade/Sugar/Rum
"All Other persons"
Term for Slaves in Constitution
"Wolf by the Ears"
TJ description of slavery
Census
Population Count every 10 Years
Bicameral
2 House Legislature: House of Representatives and Senate
3 Reasons for compromises on elections
Poor Transportation, Education and
Communication
Election Compromise
Filtering: Electoral College and Election of Senators by State Legislatures
FCC
Federal Communication Commission: Regulates the Media
Ex post Facto Law
Makes Past Acts Crimes (Banned in Constitution)
Bill of Attainder
Legislature Declares you guilty without a Trial (Banned in Constitution)
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Right of the Human Body: Must charge you with Crime or Release You
Ratification Process (1788)
Approval of Constitution by 9 of 13 states
Veto
Resident Cancels Law and sends it back to Congress
Pocket Veto
President sits on Law
Overriding the Veto
2/3rds Vote of Both Houses of Congress (Rare)
Head of State
President as Chief Party Dude who receives Foreign Dignitaries
Pardons and Reprieves
Release or Reduce Sentence/Executive
Piracy
Make Laws regulating and Punishing crimes of Terrorism and Hijacking (Leg)
Post Roads
Fund, Design and Build Interstate Highways (Leg)
Copyrights and Patents
Protects Creations/ Inventions/Leg
Taxation/Nation's Pocketbook
Legislative Branch holds the power over all the Money
Declare War
Power of the Legislative Branch Not the President
Cabinet
President's formal advisors/ Approved by the Senate
Commerce
Power to regulate Business and Trade(Leg)
Naturalization
Creates System to grant citizenship to new citizens (Leg)
Immigration
Sets up system to allow People to move here from foreign countries (leg)
Impeachment
Removal from Office of Executive Branch and Judges (Leg)
Amendment Process -Proposed/Ratified
2/ 3rds Vote of Both Houses Propose (Used for all 27) 3/4ths of State Legislatures Approve(Ratify) (26 approved this way)
# of Articles
7
# of Amendments
27
# of Houses in Congress
2
# of Branches in Gvt
3
# Amendments in Bill of Rights
10
Money Bills
Must start in House of Representatives
Conference Committee
Compromises between House and Senate on Differences
Judicial Review
US Courts Review laws/Actions of other branches
"Necessary and Proper" Clause
Elastic /Gives Government Great Power
(Leg)
Legislative
Makes Laws/Congress/ Both Houses
Executive
Enforces Laws/President/Cabinet and the 2 million people who run all the agencies and work for the President
Judicial
Interprets the Laws/Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, and District Courts
Supreme Court
9 Justices/Highest Court/Created in Constitution
Circuit Court of Appeal
3-5 Judge Panel/No Jury/Hears Appeals from District Courts
District Courts
Lowest Federal Court/ Most Cases Start Here
Has a Jury
Constitution
New Government in 1788
Revolution
Overthrow of Government/ War with Britain ended in 1783 with our independence
Common Sense
Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine to Convince People to Rebel
Declaration of Independence
Lists Natural Rights: Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness; Lists Grievances and declares Rebellion Written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776
Wallace vs. Jaffre
Mobile Alabama School Prayer Case
Ruled no "Voluntary prayer"/ Violated Establishment
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