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Gov. Test Ch. 2
Terms in this set (13)
What are the three basic concepts on which our government was founded? Explain each.
1. Ordered Government - Structured with specific offices with specific tasks
2. Limited Government - Government restricted in what it may do; certain individual liberties cannot be taken away
3. Representative Government - Government should serve the will of the people; people should have a voice in what the government may or may not do
What are the there landmark English documents and some of the rights, freedoms, and limitations on government found in them?
1. Magna Carta - Power of the king not absolute; trial by jury, due process of law
2. Petition of Rights - Challenged divine right of king; no taxation without consent of parliament, no punishment without trial, no martial law in times of peace
3. English Bill of Rights - No standing army in times of peace, right to a fair trial, freedom from excessive bail and
What are the three types of English colonies? Compare and contrast them.
1. Royal - Under direct rule of the king, the king appointed the governor
2. Proprietary - Organized by a proprietor (person to whom the king gave a grant of land), governor appointed by the proprietor
3. Charter - Largely self-governing, not subject to king's approval, governor elected, bicameral legislature made laws
What was the acting government from the time of independence until the adoption of the Articles of Confederation?
The Second Continental Congress
What was the government like under the Articles of Confederation?
What were the powers of the government under the Articles of Confederation? What were some of the limitations?
What were some of the problems with the Articles of Confederation?
Where was the Constitutional Convention held? What was the original goal?
Compare and contrast the Virginia and New Jersey plans. Which states favored which plan and why?
What were the three compromises discussed in class? Explain each of them.
How many states were needed for the Constitution to be ratified?
What were the positions of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists regarding the ratification of the Constitution?
What were the two main issues for those opposed to the ratification of the Constitution?
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