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6 terms

Chapter 25 Jarvis Health Assessment

Anus, Rectum, and Prostate
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Constipation
decrease in stool frequency, with difficult passing of very hard, dry stools
Hemorrhoid
flabby papules of skin or mucous membrane in the anal region caused by a varicose vein of the hemorrhoidal plexus
Melena
blood in the stool
Steatorrhea
excessive fat in the stool as in gastrointestinal malabsorption of fat
Occult blood
Blood detected in stool by means of a chemical test but not apparent to the naked eye.
-a sign of colon cancer
Stool types
-jelly-like mucus shreds mixed in stool indicate inflammation
-bright red blood on stool surface indicates rectal bleeding.
-bright red blood mixed with feces indicates possible colonic bleeding
-black tarry stool with distinct malodor indicates upper GI bleeding with blood partially digested.
-gray, tan stool--absent bile pigment(e.g. obstructive jaundice)
-pale yellow, greasy stool--increased fat content, as occurs with malabsorption syndrome