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washingtons farewell address

Warned Americans not to get involved in European affairs, not to make permanent alliances, not to form political parties and to avoid sectionalism.

monroe doctrine

an American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers

roosevelt corrollary

With the addition of the Roosevelt Corrollary to the Monroe Doctrine in 1904, it installed the use of naval power for foreign policy in Latin America and the Carribean

big stick policy

Roosevelt's philosophy - In international affairs, ask first but bring along a big army to help convince them. Threaten to use force, act as international policemen

Great White Fleet

1907-1909 - Roosevelt sent the Navy on a world tour to show the world the U.S. naval power. Also to pressure Japan into the "Gentlemen's Agreement."

treaty of Versailles

Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.

league of nations

An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.

cold war

a state of political conflict using means short of armed warfare

iron curtain

a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region

bay of pigs invasion

failed invasion of Cuba in 1961 when a force of 1,200 Cuban exiles, backed by the United States, landed at the Bay of Pigs.


(military) the act of containing something or someone

domino theory

the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control


the easing of tensions or strained relations (especially between nations)

united nations

an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security

star wars

President Reagan's proposed weapons system to destroy Soviet missiles from space.

iran-Contra Affair

scandal including arms sales to the Middle East in order to send money to help the Contras in Nicaragua even though Congress had objected

axis of evil

Created in 2002 by George W. Bush to show the "bad guys" which include: Iran, Iraq, and N. Korea

gulf war

a war fought between a coalition led by the United States and Iraq to free Kuwait from Iraqi invaders


Islamist terrorist organization that launched a series of attacks against U.S.


a group of fundamentalist Muslims who took control of Afghanistan's government in 1996

state-sponsored terrorism

the use of terrorist groups by states, usually under control of a state's intelligence agency, to achieve political aims

domestic terrorism

terrorism practiced in your own country against your own people

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