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Chp. 11 Cultural Contributions
Terms in this set (58)
Who were the first people to believe in the freedom and the worth of the individual?
The Greeks tried to imitate the _____ by developing their abilities to the fullest.
The result of the Greeks efforts was the _____ _____ of Greek culture.
golden age (classical age of greece)
The Greeks celebrated many different kinds of religious _____.
Out of the Greeks came important contributions to _____ culture.
The ____ ____, which were held every four years in honor of the god _____, became the most important sporting event in Greece.
olympic games; zeus
The _____ grew out of celebrations given in honor of the god Dionysus.
A Greek thinker named _____ places very great importance on a method of questioning that helped people arrive at conclusions.
Another thinker named _____ set down his ideas about an ideal state in a book called _____ _____.
plato; the republic
Aristole contributed to the advancement of science by creating a system of _____.
Greek scientists believed that the world is governed by natural _____ that humans can discover and understand.
The first Greek scientist, Thales of Miletus, worked out the first two steps of the _____ _____.
Hippocrates contributed to the field of _____.
Hippocrates drew up a list of rules for doctors known as _____ _____.
Where did the audience sit in the amphitheater?
Where did the chorus members perform?
Where was the scenery in a Greek play?
temple or palace/ skene
Where did the actors stand?
front of the scenery/ stage
Persons who could speak with the gods.
A statement of what might happen in the future.
During the Golden Age, the Greeks worshiped the gods of _____ _____.
Who was Aphrodite?
goddess of love and beauty
Who was Ares?
god of war
Where did the chariot races take place?
in the hippodrome (oval track)
Combination of boxing and wrestling in which no holds were barred between the two fighters.
The winner of the _____ was considered the best all-around.
Who is the "Father of History"?
Talk in which personal thoughts and feelings are expressed to the audience.
Who added an additional character to each story and created what came to be known as a play?
Who were the three great writers of tragedy? ( all three lived in Athens during its Golden Age)
aeschylus, sophocles, and euripides
What did Aeschylus write about?
power and its effect on people
Who showed that people suffered because of their sins and mistakes and that suffering could make someone a better person?
Who tried to show that people suffered because they did bad things?
What kind of play was after tragedy?
Who was one of the greatest writers of Greek comedy?
Ability to learn or reason.
The love of wisdom, according to the Greeks.
People who search for such knowledge and wisdom are known as scientists and _____.
Form of questioning developed by Socrates. Each question was designed to make a person arrive step-by-step at a final conclusion, or truth.
Plato left Greece and traveled in Egypt and Italy for the next 12 years. When he returned, he set up a school outside Athens in the sacred grove of the hero _____.
The school, where Plato hoped to train government leaders, was called the _____.
The study of government.
What was the first book ever written on political science?
Like Socrates, Plato believed in _____.
In a work called _____ _____, Plato showed how difficult it is to discover truth.
The Dialogues consists of a series of discussions in which different people talk about such things as _____ and _____.
Who was one of Plato's brightest pupils?
Aristole was known as "_____".
the master of them that know
The process used by scientists to study something.
Method of reasoning that uses three related statements. The third statement is a conclusion based on the information given in the first two.
Athenians are _____. Socrates is an _____. Therefore, Socrates is _____.
greeks; athenian; greek
Who developed the syllogism?
Thales not only developed the first two steps of the scientific method, but he also correctly predicted an _____.
eclipse of the sun
What were Archimedes field and accomplishments?
mathematics; explained principle of lever
What were Aristarchus field and accomplishments?
astronomy; concluded that Earth revolves around the sun
What were Hippocrates field and accomplishments?
medicine; founder (father) of scientific medicine
What did the Hippocratic Oath say?
doctors should honor their teachers, do their best for the sick, never give positions, and keep the secrets of their patients. doctors all over the world still promise to honor the hippocratic oath
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