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Manifest Destiny

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Manifest Destiny
The belief that Americans had the right and the duty to spread across the continent to the Pacific Ocean
Alamo
Site of Mexican siege and victory against 150 Texans
Battle of San Jacinto
The Texan victory and capture of General Santa Anna
Tejano
A person of Mexican descent, born in Texas
annex
To add on to one's territory
dictator
A ruler with absolute power and authority
rendezvous
The mountain men gatherings to trade fur
vaquero
An Indian or Mexican cowhand
Lone Star Republic
The nickname given to the independent Texas
lynch
To hang without a legal trial
cede
To give away land or property
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty between the United States and Mexico that ended the Mexican War
James K Polk
Elected president in 1844, his campaign slogan was "54-40 or fight"
Mexican Cession
Land ceded by Mexico at the end of the Mexican War
Gadsden Purchase
Land the United States paid Mexico $10 million for to fulfill its dream of Manifest Destiny
forty niners
More than 80,000 people who traveled to California in 1849 to seek their fortune in gold
Mormons
Settlers led by Brigham Young and Joseph Smith, moved to Utah Territory and learned how to survive in the harsh desert climate
Texas Revolution
Texas citizens revolted against the Mexican government and gained their independence
Salt Lake City
City Mormons settled in after traveling west
Sutter's Mill
First place gold was found in California
Santa Anna
Self appointed dictator of Mexico
mountain man
A trapper who explored and hunted in Oregon in the early 1800s
vigilante
self appointed enforcer of the law
refuge
A place where one can be safe from persecution
Bear Flag Republic
Nickname for California when they declared themselves an independent republic in 1846
Rio Grande
The natural feature that forms the southern border of the United States and Mexico
New Mexico Territory
Lands that Mexico controlled including California, Nevada, Utah, and parts of New Mexico, Colorado, and Arizona
Oregon Trail
Route to Oregon used by wagon trains in the 1800s
Louisiana Purchase
Land west of the Mississippi River purchased in 1803 that doubled the size of the United States
Disputed Territory
Area the United States and Mexico both claimed between the Rio Grande and Nueces River