APUSH Period 7 Multiple Choice Quiz Number 2....
Terms in this set (50)
Boston Police Strike
Strike by poorly paid Boston policemen in the fall of 1919. Policemen abandoned their beats and chaos ensued; after two days, Massachusetts governor Calvin Coolidge called in the National Guard to restore order. Public sympathy lay with Coolidge, demonstrating popular hostility toward labor militancy in the wake of the war. Policemen were mad at their lousy pay and stopped catching bad guys, people were not happy about this
(1923-1925) and (1925-1929), taciturn; small gov't conservative; laissez faire ideology; in favor of immigration restriction (Immigration Act); reduced the tax burden; the Bonus Bill was passed over his veto; Revenue Act of 1924; Kellogg-Briand Pact
Adkins v. Children's Hospital
Declared unconsitutional a minimum wage law for women on the grounds that it denied women freedom of contract
An approach to labor relations in which companies meet some of their workers' needs without prompting by unions, thus preventing strikes and keeping productivity high
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
A cheap and simple car designed by Ford. It allowed for more Americans to own a car.
moving assembly line
A system introduced by Henry Ford in 1913 where workers stay in one place and repetitively attach parts to an automobile.
A social/political movement designed to prevent a socialist/communist/radical movement in this country by finding "radicals," incarcerating them, deporting them, and subverting their activities
A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected radicals and the headquarters of radical organization in 32 cities
Nicola Sacco , a shoe-factory worker and Bartholomew Vanzetti , fish peddler. The two men were convicted in 1921 of the murder of a Massachusetts paymaster and his guard. Although given a trial, the jury and judge were prejudiced against the men because they were Italians, atheists, anarchists, and draft dodgers. Despite criticism from liberals and radicals all over the world, the men were electrocuted in 1927.
Sacco and Vanzetti
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
-led by Jane Addam
Return to Normalcy
After World War I 1919-20s, when Harding was President, the US and Britain returned to isolatoinism. The US economy "boomed" but Europe continued to struggle. It was the calm before the bigger storm hit: World War II
Warren G. Harding
Pres.1921 laissez-faire, little regard for gov't or presidency. "return to normalcy" after Wilson + his progressive ideals. Office became corrupt: allowed drinking in prohibition, had an affair, surrounded himself w/ cronies (used office for private gain). Ex) Sec. of Interior leased gov't land w/ oil for $500,000 and took money himself. Died after 3 years in office, VP: Coolidge took over
Washington Naval Conference
1921 - president harding invited delegates from Europe and Japan, and they agreed to limit production of war ships, to not attack each other's possessions, and to respect China's independence
Agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to pose the threat of war against one another
A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success.
Teapot Dome Scandal
A government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
Foreign policy created under President Taft that had the U.S. exchanging financial support ($) for the right to "help" countries make decisions about trade and other commercial ventures. Basically it was exchanging money for political influence in Latin America and the Caribbean.
A law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages
A mob king in Chicago who controlled a large network of speakeasies with enormous profits. His illegal activities convey the failure of prohibition in the twenties and the problems with gangs.
American Civil Liberties Union
Organization founded during World War I to protest the suppression of freedom of expression in wartime; played a major role in court cases that achieved judicial recognition of Americans' civil liberties.
1925 court case in which Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan debated the issue of teaching evolution in public schools
Immigration Act of 1917
This act abolished the National Origins system; increased annual admission to 170,000 and put a population cap of 20,000 on immigrants from any single nation.
Emergency Quota Act
A government legislation that limited the number of immigrants from Europe which was set at 3% of the nationality currently in the U.S. It greatly limited the number of immigrants who could move to the U.S. And it reflected the isolationist and anti-foreign feeling in America as well as the departure from traditional American ideals.
National Origins Immigration Act
Hoover 1929; Restricted Southern and Eastern European immigration and practically excluded Asians and other nonwhites
Revival of the Ku Klux Klan
Developed in Deep South, end of civil war, believed in white supremacy, blacks as slaves,William j Simmons, Hiram Evans, 5m in 1925, discriminate against blacks, Catholics, Jews, Mexicans,WASPS, lynching, whipping, branding, castration,courts wouldn't convict them, flaming cross, white masks and cloaks and American flag,
Birth of a Nation
Controversial but highly influential and innovative silent film directed by D.W. Griffith. It demonstrated the power of film propaganda and revived the KKK.
(1929-1933) The New York Stock Market Crashes October 29, 1929 "Black Tuesday". The 20th Amendment is passed and added and the 21st Amendment is passed by 1933.
A period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
Zora Neale Hurston
African American writer and folklore scholar who played a key role in the Harlem Renaissance
Name for the 1920s, because of the popularity of jazz-a new type of American music that combined African rhythms, blues, and ragtime
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
Born in Chicago middle class. moved to Harlem in 1923 and began playing at the cotton club. Composer, pianist and band leader. Most influential figures in jazz.
African American leader durin the 1920s who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)
(UNIA) Association founded by Marcus Gravey in 1914 to foster African American economic independence and establish an independent black homeland in Africa.
A group of American writers that rebelled against America's lack of cosmopolitan culture in the early 20th century. Many moved to cultural centers such as London in Paris in search for literary freedom. Prominent writers included T.S. Eliot, Ezra Pound, and Ernest Hemingway among others.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
An author of Books and short stories, widely known throughout America.
The great gatsby
is a novel by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald. The book takes place from spring to autumn 1922, during a prosperous time in the United States known as the Roaring Twenties. It's about a self-made man who woos and loses a married aristocratic woman (Daisy) he loves
American novelist who satirized middle-class America in his 22 works, including Babbitt (1922) and Elmer Gantry (1927). He was the first American to receive (1930) a Nobel Prize for literature.
a. noun - a self-satisfied person concerned chiefly with business and middle-class ideals like material success a member of the American working class whose unthinking attachment to its business and social ideals is such to make him a model of narrow-mindedness and self-satisfaction;
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
1921 - founded American Birth Control League; which became Planned Parenthood in the 1940s. Advocated birth control awareness.
a type of credit granted by retailers that is used by individuals or families for satisfaction of their own wants
1920s: increasing in paved roads, real estate, roadside resturants, service stations, and motels due to the automobile.
Group of people in the film industry who were jailed for refusing to answer congressional questions regarding Communist influence in Hollywood
The Jazz Singer
1927 - The first movie with sound; this "talkie" was about the life of famous jazz singer; Al Jolson.
carefree young women with short, "bobbed" hair, heavy makeup, and short skirts. The flapper symbolized the new "liberated" woman of the 1920s. Many people saw the bold, boyish look and shocking behavior of flappers as a sign of changing morals. Though hardly typical of American women, the flapper image reinforced the idea that women now had more freedom.