How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

11 terms

Ch 14 Biology Miller Levine

Ch 14 Human Heredity
STUDY
PLAY
genome
the full set of genetic information that an organism carries in it's DNA
karyotype
an array of the chromosomes found in an individual's cells at metaphase of mitosis and arranged in homologous pairs and in order of diminishing size
sex chromosomes
one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in the human, contains genes that will determine the sex of the individual
autosomes
chromosomes that are not directly involved in determining the sex of an individual; the remaining 44 chromosomes
sex-linked gene
a gene located on a sex chromosome.
pedigree
chart that shows the relationships within a family
nondisjunction
not coming apart
restriction enzymes
enzymes that cut DNA molecules into precise pieces, called restriction fragments
gel electrophoresis
the technique used to separate DNA strands of different lengths
bioinformatics
application of mathematics and computer science to store, retrieve, and analyze biological data
genomics
the study of whole genomes, including genes and their functions