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Ch 14 Human Heredity


the full set of genetic information that an organism carries in it's DNA


an array of the chromosomes found in an individual's cells at metaphase of mitosis and arranged in homologous pairs and in order of diminishing size

sex chromosomes

one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in the human, contains genes that will determine the sex of the individual


chromosomes that are not directly involved in determining the sex of an individual; the remaining 44 chromosomes

sex-linked gene

a gene located on a sex chromosome.


chart that shows the relationships within a family


not coming apart

restriction enzymes

enzymes that cut DNA molecules into precise pieces, called restriction fragments

gel electrophoresis

the technique used to separate DNA strands of different lengths


application of mathematics and computer science to store, retrieve, and analyze biological data


the study of whole genomes, including genes and their functions

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