How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

20 terms

Latin 3 H - Final Exam Figures of Speech

Definitions of major figures of speech from Appendix B in "Horace: A Legamus" (except for "brachylogy", "ellipsis", and "polyptoton")
STUDY
PLAY
alliteration
the repetition of the same letter or sound, usually initial, in two or more words
anaphora
the repetition of a word or words, often at the beginning of successive clauses
anastrophe
an inversion of the usual order of words
asyndeton
the omission of conjunctions
chiasmus
the arrangement of corresponding pairs of words in opposite order ABBA
enjambment
the running over of a phrase, clause, or sentence from one line to the next
hyperbaton
the radical displacement of words
hyperbole
rhetorical exaggeration
juxtaposition
the placement of two words that form a contrast next to each other
litotes
(or understatement) usually involves the assertion of something by denying its opposite
metaphor
an implied comparison
metonymy
the substitution of one word for another that it suggests
personification
an attribution of the element of personality to an inanimate thing
simile
a figure of speech that likens or asserts an explicit comparison between two different things in one or more of their aspects
synchysis
an interlocked order of words ABAB
synecdoche
the use of a part for the whole, or the reverse
tmesis
the separation of a compound word
transferred epithet
an adjective that has been transferred from the word to which it strictly belongs to another word connected with it in thought
tricolon
the use of three parallel clauses or phrases occurring together in a series
tricolon crescens
tricolon where the third clause is longer than the ones before