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SOCIAL STUDIES TEST CHAPTER 6
Terms in this set (46)
Most city-states had similar town plans, they were all built around this. This is a walled hill where people of the city could seek safety during an enemy attack.
Farmers gathered at an open area
near the acropolis to trade with each
other and local craftworkers. This is
also a place for town meeting.
Was an 18 year old general and became a 20 year old king after his
father was murdered. He died at the age of 33.
Became one of the most important
cities in the Greek empire. It was
named this to honor its founder.
One of the most famous philosophers
of Athens. He was Alexander's private
teacher. He taught to respect Greek
culture and traditions.
A lawmaking body of government.
Citizens voted on issues that concerned their city
City of the People. On the peninsula of
Attica. They used a new system of
government called a democracy.
Some of Greek's best farmlands lie
here. It is a peninsula that sticks out into the Aegean Sea.
A person who has rights and responsibilities in his or her country or community. In ancient Greece, only men could become citizens.
Greek pottery was considered this. it is
also a traded product
Greek's biggest island. It is about one day's sail south of the mainland.
Rule by the people. Every citizen is
allowed to vote on government issues.
of both sides and
killed many people
living in the city-
How did the Golden Age come to an
Plays that examined basic questions such as the choices of an individual, good and evil, and society.
A long poem that tells the story of a
legendary hero or historical figure.
A sheltered place along a coast for ships and fishing.
Primarily Greek, it contained elements of many other cultures. This philosophy, learning, science, and art spread to cultures as far away as the Indus River Valley.
Spartan farm workers who could not leave the land they worked, and had to pay half of their yearly crops to their Spartan
Conquerors as taxes (little better than slaves)
One of the most famous ancient Greek poets. He created two epic poems (Iliad &
In 9 years he
of the largest
empire of his
Why was Alexander called the Great?
Group of citizens who hear evidence and make decisions in a court of law.
Powerful kingdom to the north of Greece.
A wealthy trading culture about 2000 BC. They exported pottery, metalwork, wine and olive oil. This was named after the king of Crete.
The first person known to us by tradition as
having an established navy.
Some city-states had a single ruler
Because Greek's land was mostly this, it had difficulty farming and raising livestock.
Ancient Greeks believed their gods and goddesses lived here in northern Greece.
These people conquered Crete and took over Minoa's valuable trade. They then
disappeared by 1100 BC
Small group of the richest and most
powerful citizens controlled decision
Greek's most valuable product. The profits from this were used to purchase extra grain they could not grown themselves.
Person who is skilled public speaker. Demosthenes tried warning of King Philip's mobilizing his army.
The Acropolis, on its hill boasted new buildings that displayed the city's increased wealth and power. At the heart of the acropolis was a marble temple to Athena called this.
City-States were jealous of Athenian power. Sparta and its allies formed a union, which led to this.
The southern tip of the Greek mainland is a large peninsula. Mostly mountainous with a ring of fertile land
An area of land nearly surrounded by water.
Leader of the Athens. Ensured all citizens could take part in government.
King Philip II armed his soldiers with 18 ft. long spears and organized them into small units.
Macedonia king, wanted an empire, decided to attack and conquer Greece.
Search for wisdom and the right way to live. Ancient Athens had special schools to teach this.
Greek merchants competed with traders from this place. It is near today's Lebanon.
A land in the eastern Mediterranean (near Lebanon today). These people developed the alphabet that is the basis of the alphabet we use today.
Student of Socrates who wrote down Socrates ideas. He later became a famous teacher.
City-State. Each region usually had one city at its heart and was called this.
An island just east of the biggest Greek island. It is near present day Turkey.
A teacher who led discussions about ways to live. He was brought to trial for questioning city laws, religion, and
customs. Was later sentenced to death.
Controlled much of the southern Peloponnesus and was Greece's largest city-state. City of Soldiers
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