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49 terms

band

STUDY
PLAY
staff
The 5 lines and 4 spaces used to notate music.
beat
The pulse of the music
bar line
Divides the staff into measures
measure
the space between two bar lines
double bar line
Tells you the music is finished.
repeat sign
repeat the music within the double bar lines
G clef
Another name for Treble Clef.
F clef
another name for bass clef
EGBDF
The lines on treble staff
FACE
THE space of the treble clef
GBDFA
lines on bass staff
ACEG
The space of the bass clef
time signature
tells how many beats are in each measure and what kind of note gets one beat
sharp
raise pitch by half step
flat
lower by half step
natural
cancels a sharp or flat
key signature
tells you which notes to play sharp or flat
accidental
is a sharp, flat or natural that occurs in the music and changes the key signature for the rest of the measure.
whole NOTE
4 BEATS OF SOUNDS
dotted half NOTE
3 BEAT OF SOUNDS
half note
2 beat of sound
quater note
1 beat of sound
eighth note
1/2 beat of sound
sixteenth note
1/4 of sound
whole rest
4 beats of silence
half rest
2 beats of silence
eighth rest
1/2 beat of silence
sixteenth rest
1/4 of a beat of silence
phrase
A musical sentence
breath mark
a mark at the end of a phrase, telling you owhen to take a breath
duet
n. A composition for two instruments.
fermata
hold the note longer than its normal value
bird's eye
is also called a fermata
harmony
when two or more notes are played at the same time.
Pick-up-notes
are beats borrowed from the last measure and put at the beginning of a song.
dynamics
tells you how loud or soft to play
forte (F)
means to play strong (loud)
Mezzo Forte (MF)
Means to play medium strong (medium strong)
piano (p)
means to play soft
Crescendo
start soft gradually getting louder
decrescendo
start strong gradually getting softer
diminuendo
another word for decrescendo
tempo
speed of music
allegro
Fast tempo
Moderato
means to play at a medium speed
Andante
play slow
D.C. al Fine
return to the beginning and play to fine
D.C.
mean Da Capo
Fine
The End