Upgrade to remove ads
Ch. 8 Test Review.
Terms in this set (42)
One way in which Thomas Jefferson's supporters criticized Federalist candidate John Adams in the election of 1800 was by
hinting Adams would use the new permanent army to limit citizen's rights.
A voter in 1800 might have cast his ballot against the Democratic-Republicans for which of the following reasons?
The Democratic-Republican candidate was a threat to organized religion.
Proposed by Congress after the Election of 1800, what did the 12th Amendment accomplish?
created a separate ballot for president and vice president
Which Federalist policy did President Jefferson keep when he took office in 1801?
creation of the Bank of the United States.
Name the major theme of Thomas Jefferson's inaugural address?
protecting civil liberties
When Thomas Jefferson lowed spending in order to repay the national debt, this weakened the United States' position in relation to the British because it
reduced the size of the active navy
What is judicial review?
the power of the judiciary to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional.
Why was Marbury v. Madison a significant court case?
It established the Supreme Court's power to check the other branches of government.
Who was John Marshall?
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who wrote the opinion in Marbury v. Madison and was appointed by John Adams.
What brought about the increase in trade in New Orleans in the early 1800s?
the annexation of four northeastern states to the Union.
Why was Spain eager to trade the Louisiana territory and New Orleans to France?
It was impossible to keep Americans out of the area.
Why was the Louisiana Purchase significant to the United States?
it nearly doubled the size of the country.
Why did Napoleon Bonaparte decide to sell the Louisiana Territory to the United States ?
he needed to reinforce the French military in the war against the British.
Some people feel that Lewis and Clark failed in their expedition because
they didn't find a river route across the West to the Pacific Ocean.
Who helped outline the Louisiana Territory's western border with New Spain?
As the result of which activity did the United States find itself involved in the war between Britain and Frace that erupted in 1803?
shipping goods and war supplies to both countries.
What was the effect of the Embargo Act passed by Congress in 1807?
International trade was banned.
Why did the Embargo Act fail?
it caused American merchants to lose money and had little effect on Britain and France.
In the opinion of the U.S. leaders, what was the last straw in Britain's breach of U.S. neutrality during the British-French conflict?
The British stopped American ships to take deserted sailors back by force
Why did Britain decide to support Native Americans against the United States?
to reduce westward expansion in the United States.
What were young members of Congress that called for a trade war against Britain called?
What thought led New England Federalists to oppose the war against Britain?
Good relations with the British were essential to the health of New England's economy.
Why did War Hawks call for war against Britain?
They had backed Native American rebellions
Why did the attempts made by the U.S. army to invade Canada fail?
Sldiers argued they did not have to fight on foreign soil.
Who served as president of the United States during the war of 1812?
Why was the Battle of the Thames River significant?
It ended British power in the Northwest
Why did the U.S. navy defeat the british in the War of 1812?
the positioning of ships
How did Britain's military forces gain strength in April of 1814?
Britain defeated France and sent more troops to America.
What did the British do after their ranks were reinforced in April of 1814?
attacked the city of Washington, D.C.
Why was the victory in the Battle of New Orleans important for the United States?
It prevented the British from taking control of the Mississippi River.
Did the War of 1812 strengthen patriotism among Americans?
Why was the Hartford Convention ineffective?
The war had ended before the delegates could reach Washington.
What did the treaty of Ghent accomplish?
It ended the War of 1812.
In the hotly contested election of 1800, who claimed that a Thomas Jefferson presidency would bring the chaos of the French Revolution to America
In order to continue their control over the judiciary after the election of President Jefferson, what legislators passed the Judiciary Act of 1801?
Whose exploration provided many Americans with their first account of the Southwest?
Why was the Lewis and Clark expedition undertaken?
in order to explore the Louisiana Purchase
Name the practice of forcing people to serve in the army or navy?
Name a powerful U.S. warship that helped defeat the British navy in the War of 1812.
Who did the governor of the Indiana Territory urge to follow the Treaty of Greenville?
Name the young members of Congress that called for a trade war against the British?
After what battle did General Harrison march the U.S. army into Canada?
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Jefferson Era S.S.
Chapter 8 (Social Studies) Alison Grove
US History, 8th grade, Chpt 8
Chapter 8 Quizzes
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Religion Vocabulary 8th Grade
Science 8 Ch.5 Notes
Vocab Lesson 3 and 4