228 terms

History Final

Passed in 1920, the _____ made it illegal for anyone to make, sell, or transport any drink that contained more than one-half of one-percent of alcohol by volume.
Volstead Act
The Democratic candidate in the election of 1928 was
Al Smith
Beyond stimulating the American economy the automobile also dramatically changed American life.
The African- American leader who promoted African-American business enterprises and pan-African unity was
Marcus Garvey
For the most part, industrial workers were better off economically than farmers in the 1920s.
Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon pushed for
Lower personal taxes for the rich
The root of the farmers problems in the 1920s was
Which of the following individuals was not prominent writer of the 1920s?
Alfred Kinsey
The American worker in the 1920s
Did not share fully in the new affluence
For the most part, writers in the 1920s shared a sense of hope and wrote optimistically of the promises of American life
The Red Scare of 1919
Was an outgrowth of the intense nationalism of World War I
The famous evolution trial of 1925 involved biology teacher
John scopes
The revolution in consumer goods
Disguised the decline of many traditional industries
The Democratic party in the 1920s
Was badly split between its urban and rural branches
The American economy in the 1920s saw explosive growth in
The consumer-good industries
During the Red Scare of 1919-1920,________led the attack on the alien threat.
A. Mitchell Palmer
The honesty and integrity of ____reassured the nation after the Harding scandals and Harding's death in 1923.
Calvin Coolidge
The chief figure in the Teapot Dome scandal was
Albert fall
The weakest area of the American economy in the 1920s was
The ______symbolized the flowering of African American culture in the 1920s.
Harlem Renaissance
Each of the following weakened organized labor in the 1920s except
Intensive government intervention in labor affairs
The key to the new affluence of the 1920s lay in
The discovery of new sources of raw materials
Which of the following groups were possible targets of Ku Klux Klan violence in the 1920s?
All of the above
The economic trends of the 1920s were almost entirely positive in character, with few signs that the economy might falter in the years to come.
The famous female evangelist of the 1920s was
Aimee Semple McPherson
During the 1920s, the National Woman's Party campaigned for
An Equal Rights Amendment
Which of the following groups was exempted from the provisions of the National Origins Act of 1921?
While industry grew significantly in the twenties, the national per-capita income actually decreased during the same period.
1. Young men hired to clear land, plant trees, build bridges, and fish ponds by the
The major political impact of the Great Depression was to bring about a strengthening of the Republican Party.
The only consistently healthy sector of the economy in the 1920s was agriculture.
Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisers believed that to restore purchasing power to famers, production should be _______
The Social Security Act of 1935 included a program of national health insurance.
By 1935, the New Deal coalition included support from all of the following EXCEPT ________
Big Businesses
7. Roosevelt's "court packing" proposal
All of the above
The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) was designed to
Bring modernization and jobs to desolate area of the upper rural South
The "Hundred Days" was
The period immediately after Roosevelt's first inauguration
The Indian Reorganization Act was designed to help Native Americans become self-sufficient farmers.
The Agricultural Adjustment Act
Was found unconstitutional in 1936
The National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act
Granted workers the right to organize and collectively bargain
The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was designed to
Loan money to financial institutions to prevent bankruptcies
In 1935, John L. Lewis organized the
Congress of Industrial Organizations
By 1932, what percentages of American workers were unemployed?
A short-lived agency that employed 4 million people to build roads, schools, playgrounds, and athletic facilities was the
The first woman Cabinet member was
Frances Perkins
18. The Congress of Industrial Organizations
Was opposed by President Roosevelt
Which of the following was NOT a program of the Hoover administration to ameliorate the Depression?
White House business conferences
Which of the following New Deal programs did the Supreme Court declare unconstitutional
Civil Works Administration
Roosevelt's Hundred Days banking legislation was designed to
Supports strong banks and eliminate the weaker ones
Hoover believed that unemployment relief
Should come from private charities
Which New Deal agency was designed to help American artists?
The Townsend Plan was a forerunner of the National Labor relations Act
Huey Long advocated
"Sharing the wealth"
During the Hundred Days, Roosevelt did all of the following, except
Propose government ownership of major industries
Francis Townsend advocated that the federal government pay 200$ each month to
All Americans over the age of 60
The fundamental cause of the Great Depression was that income had not been distributed evenly enough to give people the purchasing power to buy all the consumer goods being produced
1. During World War II, Germany, Italy, and Japan were collectively known as the ______ powers.
2. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president
Four Times
3. President Truman's primary motive for using nuclear weapons against Japan was to
End the war as quickly as possible
4. During World War II, which group was placed in relocation camps in the United States?
Japanese Americans
5. The United States' strategy against Japan in the Pacific can be described as
Island hopping
6. The Senate Nye Committee hearings of the 1930s
Relied, in part, on the "merchants of death" thesis to explain United States participation in World War I
7. At the Yalta Conference in 1945, Stalin refused to commit the Soviet Union to joining the war against Japan
8. The Munich Conference considered Germany's demands on
The Sudeten region of Czechoslovakia
9. The naval armaments of the major world powers were significantly reduced
Seizing German territory
10. Britain and France responded to initial German aggression by
Attempting to appease Hitler
11. Which one of the following battles prevented the Japanese assault on Australia?
Battle of the Coral Sea
12. The Fascist dictator of Italy was
Benito Mussolini
13. The so-called "zoot-suit" riots in Los Angeles in 1943 were targeted at
Mexican Americans
14. Germany's use of tanks, armored columns, and dive bombers in close coordination was known as
15. The Lend-Lease Act of 1941
Ensured the British easier access to
American war supplies
16. In the 1930s, Americans' memories of World War I were largely negative and had a significant effect on foreign policy
17. In 1931, the illusion of peace was shattered by the Japanese invasion of
18. At the end of World War II, Japan surrendered before Germany surrendered
19. Great Britain's leader during World War II was
Winston Churchill
20. Which Washington Conference treaty pledged to uphold the Open Door policy?
Five Power Treaty
21. To get American war supplies across the Atlantic, Great Britain
Relied on the American navy to escort their supply convoys
22. With the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939, President Roosevelt
Declared American neutrality
23. In the election of 1944, Franklin D. Roosevelt narrowly defeated Harry Truman for the presidency
24. In December 1941, the U.S. declared war on Germany because
Germany had declared war on the U.S.
25. The supporters of the Kellogg-Briand Pact hoped to
Initiate the process toward the outlawing of war
26. During 1940-1941, President Roosevelt attempted to halt Japanese aggression in Asia by
Applying economic pressure on Japan through a trade embargo
27. The Washington Conference signatories agreed to reaffirm the Open Door policy in China
28. Which one of the following was NOT a provision of the Neutrality Act of 1935-1937?
Complete trade embargo with all belligerent
29. The weakness of the League of Nations was revealed when Italy invaded
30. The African American who proposed the 1941 March on Washington to end discrimination in defense employment was
James Meredith
1. At the beginning of the Korean War, North Korea was
Strongly supported by the Soviet Union
2. After World War II, the United States spent billions helping to rebuild the Soviet Union.
3. The American public reacted well when Truman relieved MacArthur from duty.
4. The passage of the National Security Act in 1947
Acted to coordinate and unify America's military establishment
5. During the Battle of Dien Phu in 1954, the U.S. provided air strikes in support of French troops.
6. Stalin was succeeded by
Nikita Khrushchev
7. When the Soviet Union shot down a United States spy plane in 1960, the event became known as the _______ crisis.
8. When the Soviet Union sealed off the city of Berlin in 1948, President Harry Truman
Organized massive airlift to resupply the city
9. The pamphlet shown above was typical of concerns that dominated which era of United States history?
The cold war
10. Senator Joseph McCarthy gained great credibility during the Red Scare of the 1950s because f his scrupulous attention to validated fact concerning Communist espionage activities in the United States.
11. American policy toward Japan after World War II
Brought the transition of the Japanese government into a constitutional democracy
12. The leading figure of the Red Scare of the early 1950s was
Joseph McCarthy
13. George Kennan's "containment" policy proposed
American vigilance regarding Soviet expansionist tendencies
14. During the Eisenhower administration, the U.S. military relied mainly on
The ability of the air force to deliver nuclear weapons
15. The Soviet Union first learned of the American atomic bomb
Through the use of espionage
16. A significant aspect of the American response to the Communist triumph in China was its
Decision to focus on Japan as its major Asian ally
17. Eisenhower's secretary of state was
John Foster Dulles
18. The Marshall Plan was a great political and economic success for the United States.
19. The Marshall Plan proposed
The infusion of massive amounts of American capital in Western Europ
20. The National Security Act of 1947 established the
Central Intelligence Agency
21. Overall, the Marshall Plan
Generated a broad industrial recovery in Western Europe
22. The Truman Doctrine was developed as a response to problems in
Greece and Turkey
23. The leader of the Dixiecrats in the election of 1948 was
Strom Thurmond
24. In 1949 Communist forces took control of China
25. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Were executed for passing American atomic secrets to the Soviet Union
26. The most famous disclosure of espionage activities in the U.S. government in the late 1940s involved the case of
Alger Hiss
1. The tone for the so-called "beat" movement was set by the novelist
Jack Kerouac
2. The best description of Eisenhower's political perspective was
Modern Republicanism
3. A major obstacle to the continuation of creative programming in 1950's television was the
Disillusionment of advertisers with such programming
4. Harry Truman's Fair Deal
Was never enacted
Was never enacted
5. Truman's Fair Deal was a resounding success.
6. The case of "Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka" overturned the
"Plessy v. Ferguson" Decision
7. By 1960, the most racially integrated institution in American society was
The military
8. Which of the following was NOT an important stimulus to American economy in the 40's
Direct government aid.
9. The 1950's in America where characterized by
A new affluence and economic good times
10. The beginning of active African-American protest occurred in
Montgomery, Alabama
11. Which of the following is NOT true of America in the 50's.
By 1960, more than 80% of women worked outside the home.
12. The one significant legislative achievement of Eisenhower was the
Highway act of 1956.
13. MLK Jr.'s philosophy of protest stressed
Nonviolent, passive resistance.
14. The first US. Satellite in Earth's orbit was
15. Compared with previous presidents, Harry Truman was strongly commited to civil rights
16. Eisenhower had to send in federal troops in 1957 to enforcwe the
desegregation of public schools in
Little Rock, Arkansas.
17. The Deep South responded to court-ordered desegregation
with massive resistance
18. The growth of suburban populations in the 1950''s was linked to the boom in automobile sales.
19. In its decision in "Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka", the supreme cout
Declared separate educational facilities to be inherently unequal
20. The NAACP lawyer who argued the "Brown vs Board of Education" decision before the Supreme Court was
Thurgood Marshall
21. The economic abundance of the 1950's
Was not shared by older industries or farmers.
22. The Arkansas governor whio defied US supreme court orders to integrate public schools was
"Orville Faubus"
23. The Supreme Court decisions decklaring segregation illegal were readily and early accepted.
24. The Columbia University professor accused oc cheating on a television quiz show was
Charles Van Doren
25. The National Defens Educational Act was passed in response to
The launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union
26. The individual who invented the concept of mass construction of suburban homes was
William Levitt
27. An organization founded by MLK Jr. to promote civil rights was the
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
28. In 1946, Dr. Spock wrote a bestselling book on
Infant and child care.
29. One of the few successes of Truman's Fair Deal program was the repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act
30. During the 1950's, city populations actually grew more rapidly than suburban populations.
31. In 1953, Eisenhower appointed _____ as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
Earl Warren
32. With respect to the New Deal, Eisenhower
Maintained its welfare programs but limited their expansion.
33. According to the social critic C. Wright Mills, the real villain in 50's American Society was
The corporation
1. The 1962 Supreme Court decision school prayer was
Engle v. Vitale
2. Civil rights leader _____ advocated "black Power"
Stokley Carmichael
3. Each of the following sought the presidency in 1968 except
Martin Luther King Jr.
4. John F Kennedy played down civil rights legislation because he
Feared the possibility of alienating Southern Democrats
5. During the 1960s, the Supreme Court strengthened the rights of accused criminals
6. The first sign of student rebellion came in the fall of 1964 at
The university of California at Berkley
7. A former Harvard psychology professor who encouraged young people to experiment with drugs was
Timothy Leary
8. The _____ was Kennedys most obvious foreign policy disaster
Bay of Pigs invasion
9. The Soviet leader with whom both Dwight Eisenhower and John Kennedy had to deal was
Nikita Khrushchev
10. In the election of 1964, Lyndon Johnson barely received enough for reelection
11. Which one of the following groups sponsored the "freedom rides"
Congress of Racial Equality
12. In his program of health care, President Lyndon Johnson secured
Established of the Medicare program for the elderly
13. John F Kennedy domestic program was known as the
New Frontier
14. In the 1965, President Lyndon Johnson sent American soldiers to ______in order to prevent a Communist takeover there.
The Dominican Republic
15. Critical to John F Kennedy victory in the election of 1960 was his
Success in televised debates against Richard Nixon
16. President Kennedys most controversial Cabinet appointment involved his choice for
Attorney - general
17. The most prominent student protest organization was the
Student for a Democratic Society
18. For the United States, the turning point of the Vietnam War was the
Tet Offensive
19. John F Kennedy's plan to balance out nuclear capability with conventional military strength was known as
Flexible response
20. The ideas presented in the government propaganda poster shown above would most closely coincide with the specific fears and concerns during which of the following time periods?
Cold War Era
21. Under John F. Kennedy, the United States government
Increased the number of military advisers in Vietnam
22. The loser of the presidential election of 1960 was
Richard Nixon
23. The 1963 event pictured above was sponsored by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. who delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech. The issues highlighted by this event were addressed by which of the following?
Civil Rights Act of 1964
24. The televised Nixon- Kennedy debates had relatively little impact on the outcome of the presidential election of 1960.
25. Lyndon Johnson's domestic program was called
Great Society
26. The ______ was the most important stimulus for social change in the early 1960s
Supreme Court
27. Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty was influenced by Michael Harrington's book
The Other America
1. The Arab oil boycott of 1973-1974 was precipitated by
The Yom Kippur War
2. A major goal of the Reagan administration was to reduce the interference of the federal government in business affairs.
3. What was the main focus of the Nixon presidency?
Foreign policy
4. The incident at Kent State was precipitated by the
U.S. invasion of Cambodia
5. The Equal Rights Amendment
Fell three states short of being ratified.
5. The Equal Rights Amendment
Fell three states short of being ratified.
6. In 1974, _____ became the first woman ever nominated for the vice presidency by a major party.
Geraldine Ferraro
7. The AIDS epidemic was first observed among
Gay men.
8. Nixon's program to improve relations with the Soviet Union was known as
9. The most grave consequence of the 1970s oil shock was
Inflation throughout America
10. As the 1972 Democratic presidential nominee, _____ was perceived as an anti-establishment candidate.
George McGovern
11. The central tenet of Reagan's approach to foreign policy was the belief that
The Soviet Union was a deadly enemy that threatened the United States.
12. Which of the following was NOT a domestic goal of the Nixon administration?
Creation of a more conservative Supreme Court.
13. The birth of the gay liberation movement was
At the Stonewall Inn.
14. Why did the United States resume relations with China?
The United States believed it would force better relations with the Soviet Union.
15. The actions of President Nixon in the White House photo shown abover were directly connected to which of the following?
One of the Nixon's desperate gambles to avoid impeachment for the events of "Watergate"
16. To end criticism of the CIA, Gerald Ford appointed ______ to head the agency.
George Bush
17. Gerald Ford
Was the first president not elected to the office of either president or vice president.
18. The Camp David Accords provided a framework for peace negotiations between
Israel and Egypt.
19. In 1979, the Sandanista Coalition succeeded on overthrowing the repressive Somoza regime in
20. President Richard Nixon readily admitted soon after the Watergate break-in that his administration had obstructed justice.
21. Nixon called his shifting of responsibility for many social programs from the federal to the state and local levels the
New Federalism.
22. The international oil organization most responsible for raising petroleum prices in the 1970s was
23. President Reagan's tax compromise with Congress called for an income tax cut of
Five percent the first year and ten percent for the second and third years.
24. In the election of 1976, Jimmy Carter defeated
Gerald Ford.
25. The Reagan administration's policies in the Middle East and Central America reached a tragic convergence in
The Iran-Contra affair.
26. Reagan was able to please feminists with his appointment of _____ of the Supreme Court.
Sandra Day O'Connor
27. The invasion of Cambodia in 1970 precipitated widespread antiwar protests.
28. Nixon and Kissinger saw the Cold War not as a death strugtgle to be won but as a long-term rivalry to be managed.
29. In 1979 revolutionaries in _____ took U.S. diplomats hostage.
30. The antimissile system based on the use of lasers and particle beams to destroy incoming missiles in outer space was called.
1. The outcome of the 2000 presidential election hung on legal battles over the vote count in
2. The vice president of the United States during the Clinton administration was
Al Gore
3. The largest group of Asians in the united states in 1990 were the
4. The U.S. allied military campaign against Iraq in 1991 was known as Operation
Desert storm
5. President Clinton's greatest acheivment in domestic affairs was
Approval of the north American free trade agreement
6. Which of the following is the correct chronological order sequence of recent presidential administrations?
Carter, Reagan, bush, Clinton, bush
7. The first move in the war on terror was the overthrow of a radical Islamist regime in
8. The consumer advocated who ran as the green party candidate for president in 2000 was
Ralph Nader
9. Bill Clinton's Republican opponent in the 1996 presidential election was
Robert Dole
10. Bill Clinton was impeached for
Perjury and obstruction of justice
11. Which of the following was NOT a foreign policy problem for the Clinton administration?
Western Europe
12. By the early 1990's, the Northeast began experiencing more population gains than either the South or the West.
13. The most conspicuous failure of Bill Clinton's first presidential term was his proposal for national health insurance.
14. A higher percentage of ________ are college graduated and holders of doctoral degrees that any other ethnic minority.
Equal rights amendment
15. The only significant piece of social legislation to be enacted in the first Bush administration was the
Americans with disabilities act
16. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the new leader of Russia was
Boris Yeltson
17. President Clinton was far more interested in foreign policy that in domestic issues
18. In the presidential election of 2004, George W. Bush defeated
John Kerry
19. Popular demonstrations calling for democratic reform were violently suppressed in
20. By 2002, __________ had become the nation's largest ethnic minority.
21. By the 1990's, the percentage of elderly people in the U.S. population was much higher than it had been in 1900.
22. After the elections of 1994, the new speaker of the House was
Newt Gingrich
23. ______ was the fastes growing ethnic group at the beginning of the twenty-first century.
Asian Americans
24. In 2002, President Bush called Iraq, Iran, and North Korea
The axis of evil
25. ________ ran for president in1992 and 1996 as a third-party candidate
H. Ross Perot