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Passed in 1920, the _____ made it illegal for anyone to make, sell, or transport any drink that contained more than one-half of one-percent of alcohol by volume.
Beyond stimulating the American economy the automobile also dramatically changed American life.
The African- American leader who promoted African-American business enterprises and pan-African unity was
For the most part, writers in the 1920s shared a sense of hope and wrote optimistically of the promises of American life
The honesty and integrity of ____reassured the nation after the Harding scandals and Harding's death in 1923.
Each of the following weakened organized labor in the 1920s except
Intensive government intervention in labor affairs
Which of the following groups were possible targets of Ku Klux Klan violence in the 1920s?
All of the above
The economic trends of the 1920s were almost entirely positive in character, with few signs that the economy might falter in the years to come.
Which of the following groups was exempted from the provisions of the National Origins Act of 1921?
While industry grew significantly in the twenties, the national per-capita income actually decreased during the same period.
The major political impact of the Great Depression was to bring about a strengthening of the Republican Party.
Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisers believed that to restore purchasing power to famers, production should be _______
By 1935, the New Deal coalition included support from all of the following EXCEPT ________
The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) was designed to
Bring modernization and jobs to desolate area of the upper rural South
The Indian Reorganization Act was designed to help Native Americans become self-sufficient farmers.
The National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act
Granted workers the right to organize and collectively bargain
The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was designed to
Loan money to financial institutions to prevent bankruptcies
A short-lived agency that employed 4 million people to build roads, schools, playgrounds, and athletic facilities was the
Which of the following was NOT a program of the Hoover administration to ameliorate the Depression?
White House business conferences
Which of the following New Deal programs did the Supreme Court declare unconstitutional
Civil Works Administration
Roosevelt's Hundred Days banking legislation was designed to
Supports strong banks and eliminate the weaker ones
During the Hundred Days, Roosevelt did all of the following, except
Propose government ownership of major industries
Francis Townsend advocated that the federal government pay 200$ each month to
All Americans over the age of 60
The fundamental cause of the Great Depression was that income had not been distributed evenly enough to give people the purchasing power to buy all the consumer goods being produced
1. During World War II, Germany, Italy, and Japan were collectively known as the ______ powers.
3. President Truman's primary motive for using nuclear weapons against Japan was to
End the war as quickly as possible
4. During World War II, which group was placed in relocation camps in the United States?
6. The Senate Nye Committee hearings of the 1930s
Relied, in part, on the "merchants of death" thesis to explain United States participation in World War I
7. At the Yalta Conference in 1945, Stalin refused to commit the Soviet Union to joining the war against Japan
9. The naval armaments of the major world powers were significantly reduced
Seizing German territory
11. Which one of the following battles prevented the Japanese assault on Australia?
Battle of the Coral Sea
14. Germany's use of tanks, armored columns, and dive bombers in close coordination was known as
16. In the 1930s, Americans' memories of World War I were largely negative and had a significant effect on foreign policy
21. To get American war supplies across the Atlantic, Great Britain
Relied on the American navy to escort their supply convoys
23. In the election of 1944, Franklin D. Roosevelt narrowly defeated Harry Truman for the presidency
25. The supporters of the Kellogg-Briand Pact hoped to
Initiate the process toward the outlawing of war
26. During 1940-1941, President Roosevelt attempted to halt Japanese aggression in Asia by
Applying economic pressure on Japan through a trade embargo
28. Which one of the following was NOT a provision of the Neutrality Act of 1935-1937?
Complete trade embargo with all belligerent
30. The African American who proposed the 1941 March on Washington to end discrimination in defense employment was
4. The passage of the National Security Act in 1947
Acted to coordinate and unify America's military establishment
5. During the Battle of Dien Phu in 1954, the U.S. provided air strikes in support of French troops.
7. When the Soviet Union shot down a United States spy plane in 1960, the event became known as the _______ crisis.
8. When the Soviet Union sealed off the city of Berlin in 1948, President Harry Truman
Organized massive airlift to resupply the city
9. The pamphlet shown above was typical of concerns that dominated which era of United States history?
The cold war
10. Senator Joseph McCarthy gained great credibility during the Red Scare of the 1950s because f his scrupulous attention to validated fact concerning Communist espionage activities in the United States.
11. American policy toward Japan after World War II
Brought the transition of the Japanese government into a constitutional democracy
13. George Kennan's "containment" policy proposed
American vigilance regarding Soviet expansionist tendencies
14. During the Eisenhower administration, the U.S. military relied mainly on
The ability of the air force to deliver nuclear weapons
16. A significant aspect of the American response to the Communist triumph in China was its
Decision to focus on Japan as its major Asian ally
25. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Were executed for passing American atomic secrets to the Soviet Union
26. The most famous disclosure of espionage activities in the U.S. government in the late 1940s involved the case of
3. A major obstacle to the continuation of creative programming in 1950's television was the
Disillusionment of advertisers with such programming
6. The case of "Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka" overturned the
"Plessy v. Ferguson" Decision
8. Which of the following was NOT an important stimulus to American economy in the 40's
Direct government aid.
11. Which of the following is NOT true of America in the 50's.
By 1960, more than 80% of women worked outside the home.
16. Eisenhower had to send in federal troops in 1957 to enforcwe the
desegregation of public schools in
Little Rock, Arkansas.
18. The growth of suburban populations in the 1950''s was linked to the boom in automobile sales.
19. In its decision in "Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka", the supreme cout
Declared separate educational facilities to be inherently unequal
20. The NAACP lawyer who argued the "Brown vs Board of Education" decision before the Supreme Court was
22. The Arkansas governor whio defied US supreme court orders to integrate public schools was
23. The Supreme Court decisions decklaring segregation illegal were readily and early accepted.
24. The Columbia University professor accused oc cheating on a television quiz show was
Charles Van Doren
25. The National Defens Educational Act was passed in response to
The launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union
26. The individual who invented the concept of mass construction of suburban homes was
27. An organization founded by MLK Jr. to promote civil rights was the
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
29. One of the few successes of Truman's Fair Deal program was the repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act
32. With respect to the New Deal, Eisenhower
Maintained its welfare programs but limited their expansion.
33. According to the social critic C. Wright Mills, the real villain in 50's American Society was
4. John F Kennedy played down civil rights legislation because he
Feared the possibility of alienating Southern Democrats
6. The first sign of student rebellion came in the fall of 1964 at
The university of California at Berkley
7. A former Harvard psychology professor who encouraged young people to experiment with drugs was
9. The Soviet leader with whom both Dwight Eisenhower and John Kennedy had to deal was
12. In his program of health care, President Lyndon Johnson secured
Established of the Medicare program for the elderly
14. In the 1965, President Lyndon Johnson sent American soldiers to ______in order to prevent a Communist takeover there.
The Dominican Republic
15. Critical to John F Kennedy victory in the election of 1960 was his
Success in televised debates against Richard Nixon
16. President Kennedys most controversial Cabinet appointment involved his choice for
Attorney - general
19. John F Kennedy's plan to balance out nuclear capability with conventional military strength was known as
20. The ideas presented in the government propaganda poster shown above would most closely coincide with the specific fears and concerns during which of the following time periods?
Cold War Era
21. Under John F. Kennedy, the United States government
Increased the number of military advisers in Vietnam
23. The 1963 event pictured above was sponsored by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. who delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech. The issues highlighted by this event were addressed by which of the following?
Civil Rights Act of 1964
24. The televised Nixon- Kennedy debates had relatively little impact on the outcome of the presidential election of 1960.
2. A major goal of the Reagan administration was to reduce the interference of the federal government in business affairs.
6. In 1974, _____ became the first woman ever nominated for the vice presidency by a major party.
10. As the 1972 Democratic presidential nominee, _____ was perceived as an anti-establishment candidate.
11. The central tenet of Reagan's approach to foreign policy was the belief that
The Soviet Union was a deadly enemy that threatened the United States.
12. Which of the following was NOT a domestic goal of the Nixon administration?
Creation of a more conservative Supreme Court.
14. Why did the United States resume relations with China?
The United States believed it would force better relations with the Soviet Union.
15. The actions of President Nixon in the White House photo shown abover were directly connected to which of the following?
One of the Nixon's desperate gambles to avoid impeachment for the events of "Watergate"
17. Gerald Ford
Was the first president not elected to the office of either president or vice president.
19. In 1979, the Sandanista Coalition succeeded on overthrowing the repressive Somoza regime in
20. President Richard Nixon readily admitted soon after the Watergate break-in that his administration had obstructed justice.
21. Nixon called his shifting of responsibility for many social programs from the federal to the state and local levels the
22. The international oil organization most responsible for raising petroleum prices in the 1970s was
23. President Reagan's tax compromise with Congress called for an income tax cut of
Five percent the first year and ten percent for the second and third years.
25. The Reagan administration's policies in the Middle East and Central America reached a tragic convergence in
The Iran-Contra affair.
26. Reagan was able to please feminists with his appointment of _____ of the Supreme Court.
Sandra Day O'Connor
28. Nixon and Kissinger saw the Cold War not as a death strugtgle to be won but as a long-term rivalry to be managed.
30. The antimissile system based on the use of lasers and particle beams to destroy incoming missiles in outer space was called.
1. The outcome of the 2000 presidential election hung on legal battles over the vote count in
5. President Clinton's greatest acheivment in domestic affairs was
Approval of the north American free trade agreement
6. Which of the following is the correct chronological order sequence of recent presidential administrations?
Carter, Reagan, bush, Clinton, bush
7. The first move in the war on terror was the overthrow of a radical Islamist regime in
8. The consumer advocated who ran as the green party candidate for president in 2000 was
11. Which of the following was NOT a foreign policy problem for the Clinton administration?
12. By the early 1990's, the Northeast began experiencing more population gains than either the South or the West.
13. The most conspicuous failure of Bill Clinton's first presidential term was his proposal for national health insurance.
14. A higher percentage of ________ are college graduated and holders of doctoral degrees that any other ethnic minority.
Equal rights amendment
15. The only significant piece of social legislation to be enacted in the first Bush administration was the
Americans with disabilities act
21. By the 1990's, the percentage of elderly people in the U.S. population was much higher than it had been in 1900.
23. ______ was the fastes growing ethnic group at the beginning of the twenty-first century.
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