59 terms

Pharmacology - Medical Terminology

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Terms in this set (...)

analgesic
a drug that reduces or eliminates pain
antacid
a drug that reduces/neutralizes stomach acid
antibiotic
a chemical substance derived from a mold or bacteria that inhibits the growth of other microorganisms (very small organisms)
anticoagulant
a drug that inhibits the formation of blood clots
anticonvulsant
a drug that reduces or prevents convulsions, such as in epilepsy
antidepressant
a drug that alters chemicals in the brain to reduce anxiety and depression
antidiarrheal
a drug that reduces or prevents diarrhea
antiemetic
a drug that prevents nausea and vomiting
antifungal
a drug that treats fungal infections
antihistamine
a drug that suppresses the action of histamine, produced during the inflammatory response
antihypertensive
a drug that reduces high blood pressure ( hypertension)
anti-infammatory
a drug that reduces inflammation
antilipemic
a drug that lowers the level of blood lipids (fats)
antispasmodic
a drug that inhibits muscle contractions to relieve spasms
antitussive
a drug used to suppress the cough reflex
antiviral
a drug that treats viral infections
bronchodilator
a drug that expands (dilates) the bronchi of the lungs
corticosteroid
a type of anti-inflammatory steroid hormone that is produced in the adrenal cortex
diuretic
a drug or substance that increases urine output
expectorant
a drug that is used to increase bronchial secretions
generic name
a drug name that is not specific to any manufacturer; assigned by the government
hormone replacement therapy
use of a synthetic or naturally derived hormone to replace one that is deficient by disease, surgical removal, or due to menopause
hypnotic
drug that causes sleep
immunosuppressant
any substance that lowers the body's defense provided by the immune system
laxative
a drug or substance that promotes defecation
muscle relaxant
a drug that reduces muscle contraction
narcotic
a natural or synthetic drug related to or derived from opium that reduces or eliminates pain
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
a drug that reduces inflammation but is not a steroid
oral contraceptive
a drug that combines the hormones estrogen and/or progestins to inhibit normal female fertility and unintended pregnancy; also referred to as "the pill"
oral hypoglycemic
a drug that reduces blood sugar; used in the treatment of Type II diabetes
pharmacodynamics
the study of how the body responds to drugs
pharmacokinetics
the study of how drugs are handled by the body
pharmacology
the study of drugs/medications
prescription
a written order for drug treatment (pharmacotherapy) that is provided by an authorized health professional
routes of administration
the various ways in which a drug may be delivered to the patient; includes oral (by mouth), subcutaneous (under the skin), intravenous (within the vein), intramuscular (within the muscle), vaginal (into the vagina), rectal (into the rectum), and topical (on the surface of the skin)
sedative
drug that depresses the central nervous system (CNS) to cause calmness
trade name
a drug name assigned by the manufacturer that is specific to that manufacturer; also called brand name or product name
vaccine
a preparation of microorganism particles that, when administered by injection or orally, confers protection to the recipient
vascoconstrictor
a substance that causes blood vessels to constrict, reducing blood flow and raising blood pressure
vasodilator
a substance that causes blood vessels to relax and dilate, increasing blood flow and lowering blood pressure
Regulating bodies assign _____ name to drugs to avoid confusion and specify active ingredients
generic
HIV is treated with this class of drugs
antiviral
Before a winding car ride, parents of children with temperamental stomachs may treat their children with a(n)
antiemetic
Analgesics are a type of drug taken to reduce _____
pain
An anti-inflammatory is a drug that reduces
redness, swelling, and pain
A corticosteroid is used to
reduce inflammation
This category of drug can be used to raise blood pressure
vasoconstrictor
A vaccine is prepared from particles of microorganisms
true
This drug reduces pressure by causing blood vessels to relax
vasodilator
The study of how the body is affected by drugs is
pharmcodynamics
The study of drugs is
pharmacology
A person with asthma may use this class of drugs to expand the passages of the respiratory tract
bronchodilator
This type of drug inhibits involuntary muscle contractions
antispasmodic
An insomniac may be treated with this class of drugs
hypnotic
A treatment for some of the health risks that affect postmenopausal women is
hormone replacement therapy
An oral hypoglycemic drug increases blood sugar
false
Aspirin is an NSAID
true
This type of drug loosens mucus in the respiratory system
expectorant
The functions of the central nervous system can be depressed by a class of drugs known as antispasmodics
false
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