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Physics Biology Quiz Vocab

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Metabolize
A chemical process that breaks down substances in a chemical reaction to create energy
Carbohydrate
Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen with a ration of 1 carbon per 2 hydrogen per 1 oxygen
Macromolecules
Large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organic molecules together
Glucose
A sugar, C6 H12 O6
Dehydration Synthesis
A chemical reaction that builds up molecules by losing water molecules
Disaccharides
Any class of sugars that are composed 2 monosaccharides. Serve as energy sources
Polysaccharides
multiple monosaccharides. Ex. Glycogen.
Monosaccharides
A simple sugar, for example fructose, glucose, or ribose. Is the simplest form of a carbohydrate, so it can't be broken down into simpler sugars by hydrolysis
Hydrolysis
A chemical reaction in which the interaction of a compound with water results in the decomposition of the compound.
Sucrose
Also known as table sugar. It's a disaccharide composed of glucose and fructose. C 12 H 22 O 11
Amino Acids
Small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen, and sometimes sulfur. All have a carbon structure
Proteins
A compound made of small carbon compounds called amino acids
Polymers
Molecules made from repeating units of identical compounds (monomers)
Complex Carbohydrate
Has 3 or more sugars