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A chemical process that breaks down substances in a chemical reaction to create energy


Compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen with a ration of 1 carbon per 2 hydrogen per 1 oxygen


Large molecules that are formed by joining smaller organic molecules together


A sugar, C6 H12 O6

Dehydration Synthesis

A chemical reaction that builds up molecules by losing water molecules


Any class of sugars that are composed 2 monosaccharides. Serve as energy sources


multiple monosaccharides. Ex. Glycogen.


A simple sugar, for example fructose, glucose, or ribose. Is the simplest form of a carbohydrate, so it can't be broken down into simpler sugars by hydrolysis


A chemical reaction in which the interaction of a compound with water results in the decomposition of the compound.


Also known as table sugar. It's a disaccharide composed of glucose and fructose. C 12 H 22 O 11

Amino Acids

Small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen, and sometimes sulfur. All have a carbon structure


A compound made of small carbon compounds called amino acids


Molecules made from repeating units of identical compounds (monomers)

Complex Carbohydrate

Has 3 or more sugars

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