adj. (of a person or their behavior) failing to observe the limits of what is permitted or appropriate
similar sounds of words; end rhyme- rhyme at the end of a line, internal rhyme- rhyme within the line, true rhyme- actual rhyme, slant rhyme- forces the rhyme (doesn't perfectly rhyme), masculine- one syllable rhyme, feminine- 2 syllable rhyme, triple- 3 syllable rhyme
the central topic or idea of a literary work; ex: a possible theme of the Road is that goodness exists in a world filled with evil
when the speaker of a poem addresses or refers to someone outside of the poem; ex: Emily Dickinson often uses apostrophes in her poems to reference death
part of something that refers to the whole; ex: "get your butt over here" means they want you, and not just your butt
a reference in a literary work to a popular work of literature, art, music etc; A Raisin in the Sun is an allusion to the poem, "A Dream Deferred" by Langston Huges
repetition of vowel sounds; ex: to, you, true, truth etc (words with similar vowel sounds)
the breaking of a sentence into 2 lines; ex: "In a station of the Metro" uses this to split the sentence into two lines
an extreme exaggeration used to create an effect; ex: saying that "everybody" watches a show, when this is not true
the use of descriptive words in order to create an image in the reader's mind that makes use of his senses; ex: Stopping by Woods on a Snowy evening creates an image of being out in the forest on a winter night.
giving human characteristics to non-human things; ex: The animals in Madagascar are personified to think and act like humans
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter; ex: "Birches" by Robert Frost is written in blank verse
an author's attitude toward a piece of writing; the tone of "The Love song of J. Alfred Prufrock" is sad and worried
movement that focuses on showing life as it is as faithfully and accurately as possible; ex: "Incident at Owl Creek Bridge" used realism to show the harsh realities of war
offshoot of realism, sought to portray ordinary people's lives but suggested that environment, heredity, and chance determined people's faith; ex: "To Build a Fire" is a naturalist poem.
movement that shows inherent goodness and importance of both man and nature, but also shows the importance of God; ex: Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau were Transcendentalist poets
poetic movement that wanted hard expression with concrete images and everyday speech. It featured the creation of images in poems; ex: Poets like Ezra Pound and E.E. Cummings were imagist poets
movement where authors sought to capture the essence of modern life in both the form and content of their work; T.S. Elliot was a modernist poet
characterized by the story set in bleak or remote aces, the plot involving macabre or violent incidents, characters in torment, and/or supernatural events; ex: Edgar Allen Poe was know for being a gothic style writer.
a word or phrase applied to a person to describe an actual or attributed quality; ex: saying that a dog is man's best friend
a form of language spoken in a particular area or by members of a particular social class or group. distinguished by its vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation; ex. Mark Twain used the dialect of every day speech in his stories.
poetry without a consistent meter pattern or rhyme; ex: Walt Whitman often wrote free verse poetry
a person's emotions and reaction to a story; ex: a person's mood towards "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" could be sympathetic or annoyed
a poetic paragraph; 2 lines- couplet, 3 lines- tercet, 4 lines- quatrain, 5- cinquain, 6- sestet, 7- septet, 8- octave
the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities; ex: the American flag is a symbol for freedom
similar grammatical structure. shown by repeated format of words, phrases, subordinate clauses, or sentences; ex: used in the Declaration of Independence
conflict that occurs within the mind of a character; ex: in "To Build a Fire," the main character has an internal conflict of whether to give up or continue
conflict that occurs between a character and some outside force; ex: in "To Build a Fire," the main character has an external conflict between his body and nature
3rd person omniscient
3rd person point of view where the narrator knows and sees everything, including thoughts of the characters; ex: "To Build a Fire" uses this narration style
3rd person limited
a 3rd person point of view where the narrator knows the inner thoughts and feelings of a single character; "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" uses this at certain points to show the main character's thought
3rd person objective
a 3rd person point of view where actions are shown without knowing the thoughts of the characters; "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" uses this at certain points to show the action without revealing the thoughts of the characters
a contrast between what is stated and meant, or between what is expected and what actually happens
the type of irony that occurs when readers are aware of something that a character in a literary work doesn't know; ex: Romeo and Juliet uses this when they think they can be together but the audience knows they never can.