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86 terms

Honors English 2 Final Exam Review

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reticent
adj. Not revealing one's thoughts readily; reserved
deference
n. Respectful submission to the judgement, opinion, will, etc of another
apathetic
adj. having or showing little or no emotion
disparage
v. To regard or represent as being of little worth (the bully disparaged the nerd)
soporific
adj. Causing or tending to cause sleep
affable
adj. pleasantly easy to approach or talk to; friendly; polite
ameliorate
v. To make something better
obsidian
n. a volcanic glass similar to granite; formed from cooling lava
sagacious
adj. having acute mental discernment and keen practical sense; shrewd
raucous
adj. harsh loud noise; stringent; grating
odious
adj. extremely unpleasant; repulsive
cacophony
n. harsh discordance of sound; dissonance
raconteur
n. A person who tells anecdotes and stories in a skillful or amusing way
prosaic
adj. lacking poetic beauty; commonplace or dull
precarious
adj. Dependent on chance; uncertain
pariah
n. an outcast
expedite
v. To speed up the process of; hasten
catharsis
n. the process of releasing repressed emotions
pugnacious
adj. inclined to quarrel or fight readily (pugnacious punk)
nascent
adj. Beginning to exist or develop
vapid
adj. lacking or having lost life, sharpness, or flavor; insipid; flat
truncheon
n. The short, thick club carried by cops
engrossed
v. To be absorbed in completely
erudite
adj. Having or showing great knowledge or learning
scrupulous
adj. Diligent, thorough, and extremely attentive to detail
prattle
v. To talk in a foolish or simple-minded way; chatter; babble
quell
v. To suppress; out an end to; extinguish
exacting
adj. Making great demands on one's skill, attention, or other resources
Insipid
adj. without distinctive, interesting, or stimulating qualities; vapid
diffident
adj. modest or shy because of a lack of self confidence
antiquated
adj. antique; old fashioned or outdated
misanthrope
n. someone who hates mankind
querulous
adj. full of complaints/complaining
fatuity
adj. silly and pointless
loquacious
adj. Tending to talk a great deal; talkative
derision
n. ridicule; mockery
consort
n. a husband or wife; spouse, esp. Of a reigning monarch
penitent
adj. repentant; Feeling or showing sorrow for having done wrong
voluble
adj. Characterized by a ready and continuous flow of words; fluent; talkative
enkindle
v. Set on fire; arouse or inspire
novel
adj. of a new kind; different from anything seen before
quandary
n. a state or perplexity or uncertainty about what to do
arrested
v. To the attract the attention of someone
benign
adj. Gentle, kindly; not harmful
perdition
n. hell; damnation
volition
n. the power of using one's will
presumptuous
adj. (of a person or their behavior) failing to observe the limits of what is permitted or appropriate
stratagem
n. a plan, scheme, or trick for surprising or deceiving an opponent
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds found anywhere inside words; ex. Pitter patter
rhyme
similar sounds of words; end rhyme- rhyme at the end of a line, internal rhyme- rhyme within the line, true rhyme- actual rhyme, slant rhyme- forces the rhyme (doesn't perfectly rhyme), masculine- one syllable rhyme, feminine- 2 syllable rhyme, triple- 3 syllable rhyme
theme
the central topic or idea of a literary work; ex: a possible theme of the Road is that goodness exists in a world filled with evil
onomatopoeia
words used to mimic sounds; ex: moo, buzz, zap etc
apostrophe
when the speaker of a poem addresses or refers to someone outside of the poem; ex: Emily Dickinson often uses apostrophes in her poems to reference death
synecdoche
part of something that refers to the whole; ex: "get your butt over here" means they want you, and not just your butt
allusion
a reference in a literary work to a popular work of literature, art, music etc; A Raisin in the Sun is an allusion to the poem, "A Dream Deferred" by Langston Huges
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds; ex: the big bad bee buzzed
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds; ex: to, you, true, truth etc (words with similar vowel sounds)
enjambment
the breaking of a sentence into 2 lines; ex: "In a station of the Metro" uses this to split the sentence into two lines
hyperbole
an extreme exaggeration used to create an effect; ex: saying that "everybody" watches a show, when this is not true
imagery
the use of descriptive words in order to create an image in the reader's mind that makes use of his senses; ex: Stopping by Woods on a Snowy evening creates an image of being out in the forest on a winter night.
personification
giving human characteristics to non-human things; ex: The animals in Madagascar are personified to think and act like humans
blank verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter; ex: "Birches" by Robert Frost is written in blank verse
masculine rhyme
1 syllable of rhyme; the word doesn't have to be 1 syllable
feminine rhyme
2 syllables of rhyme; word doesn't have to be 2 syllable
tone
an author's attitude toward a piece of writing; the tone of "The Love song of J. Alfred Prufrock" is sad and worried
realism
movement that focuses on showing life as it is as faithfully and accurately as possible; ex: "Incident at Owl Creek Bridge" used realism to show the harsh realities of war
naturalism
offshoot of realism, sought to portray ordinary people's lives but suggested that environment, heredity, and chance determined people's faith; ex: "To Build a Fire" is a naturalist poem.
transcendentalism
movement that shows inherent goodness and importance of both man and nature, but also shows the importance of God; ex: Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau were Transcendentalist poets
imagism
poetic movement that wanted hard expression with concrete images and everyday speech. It featured the creation of images in poems; ex: Poets like Ezra Pound and E.E. Cummings were imagist poets
modernism
movement where authors sought to capture the essence of modern life in both the form and content of their work; T.S. Elliot was a modernist poet
gothic style
characterized by the story set in bleak or remote aces, the plot involving macabre or violent incidents, characters in torment, and/or supernatural events; ex: Edgar Allen Poe was know for being a gothic style writer.
epithet
a word or phrase applied to a person to describe an actual or attributed quality; ex: saying that a dog is man's best friend
dialect
a form of language spoken in a particular area or by members of a particular social class or group. distinguished by its vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation; ex. Mark Twain used the dialect of every day speech in his stories.
free verse
poetry without a consistent meter pattern or rhyme; ex: Walt Whitman often wrote free verse poetry
mood
a person's emotions and reaction to a story; ex: a person's mood towards "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" could be sympathetic or annoyed
stanza
a poetic paragraph; 2 lines- couplet, 3 lines- tercet, 4 lines- quatrain, 5- cinquain, 6- sestet, 7- septet, 8- octave
symbolism
the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities; ex: the American flag is a symbol for freedom
parallelism
similar grammatical structure. shown by repeated format of words, phrases, subordinate clauses, or sentences; ex: used in the Declaration of Independence
internal conflict
conflict that occurs within the mind of a character; ex: in "To Build a Fire," the main character has an internal conflict of whether to give up or continue
external conflict
conflict that occurs between a character and some outside force; ex: in "To Build a Fire," the main character has an external conflict between his body and nature
3rd person omniscient
3rd person point of view where the narrator knows and sees everything, including thoughts of the characters; ex: "To Build a Fire" uses this narration style
3rd person limited
a 3rd person point of view where the narrator knows the inner thoughts and feelings of a single character; "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" uses this at certain points to show the main character's thought
3rd person objective
a 3rd person point of view where actions are shown without knowing the thoughts of the characters; "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge" uses this at certain points to show the action without revealing the thoughts of the characters
Irony
a contrast between what is stated and meant, or between what is expected and what actually happens
dramatic irony
the type of irony that occurs when readers are aware of something that a character in a literary work doesn't know; ex: Romeo and Juliet uses this when they think they can be together but the audience knows they never can.
situational irony
the type of irony where the outcome of a situation is very different than what is expected; ex: a man who steps out of the way to avoid a sprinkler and falls into a pool