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35 terms

Civics & Economics

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Why did the colonists come to the New World from England?
To freely practice their religion.
What caused the American Revolution?
Too many taxes.
Anti-Federalists
opponents of a strong central government who campaigned against the ratification of the Constitution in favor of a confederation of independant states.
Federalists
supporters of the stronger central government, who advocated the ratification of the new constitution.
What were some problems with the Articles Of Confederation and why did citizens feel we needed to rewrite the Constitution?
The Articles had problems with Currency, Interstate Commerce, Foreign Trade, and Foreign Affairs.
Legislative Branch
the branch of government that makes the laws.
Executive Branch
the branch of government that carries out laws.
Judicial Branch
The branch of government that interprets laws.
What majority is needed to amend the constitution?
2/3 of the votes.
What majority is needed to ratify the constitution?
3/4 of the votes.
What type of government did the Founders create and where did they get their ideas on government from?
Democratic Republic, they got the ideas from the Magna Carta, & the English bill of rights.
Enumerated Powers
The powers explicitly given to Congress in the Constitution.
Reserved Powers
Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people.
Concurrent Powers
powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments.
Implied Powers
powers not specifically mentioned in the constitution.
Electoral College
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president.
Presidential Requirements
1. natural born citizen of the us 2. must be at least 35 years old 3. resident of the us for 14 years.
Senator Requirements
30 yrs old, live in the state that they are running in, citizen for 9 yrs.
Representative Requirements
25 years old, resident of state, citizen for 7 years, 2 year (no limit).
Democratic Party
the older of two major political parties in the United States.
Republican Party
the younger of two major political parties in the United States.
Libertarian Party
A minor party that believes in extremely limited government. Libertarians call for a free market system, expanded individual liberties such as drug legalization, and a foreign policy of nonintervention, free trade, and open immigration.
Criminal Law
the body of law dealing with crimes and their punishment.
Civil Law
the body of laws established by a state or nation for its own regulation.
Misdemeanor
a crime or offense that is less serious than a felony; any minor misbehavior or misconduct.
Felony
a serious crime (such as murder or arson).
Opportunity Cost
whatever must be given up to obtain some item.
Trade-Off
alternatives that must be given up when one is chosen over another.
Specialization
the special line of work you have adopted as your career.
Scarcity
a small and inadequate amount.
Global Independence
A relationship in which the lives of all people are intertwined closely and any one nation's problems are part of a larger global problem.
Four Factors Of Production
Land, Labor, Capital, Entrepreneurship.
Market Economy
an economy that relies chiefly on market forces to allocate goods and resources and to determine prices.
Command Economy
An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.
Fixed Costs
Costs that do not vary with the quantity of output produced.