29 terms

world history terms about government and economics

constitutional monarch
system of governing in which the ruler's power is limited by law
group of advisers or ministers chosen by the head of a country to help make gov. decisions
federal system
system of government in which pwoer is divided between a central authority and a number of individual estates
coup d' etat
sudden seizure of political power in a nation
in the first half of the 19th century, a European---usually a wealthy landowner or noble--- who wanted to preserve the traditional monarchies of Europe
european, usually middle class, who wanted to give more political power to elected parliaments
the belief that people should be loyal mainly to their nation---that is, to the people with whom they share a culture and history---rather than to a king or empire
middle class
social class made up of skilled workers, professionals, and wealthy farmers
laissez faire
idea that government should not interfere with or regulate industries and business
economic system in which the factors of production are owned by the public and operate for the well fare of all
economic system in which all means of production are owned by the people; private property does not exist and all goods and services are equally shared
the right to cote
home rule
a control over internal matters granted to the residents of a region by a ruling government
policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially
country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power
the freedom of people to decide under what form of government the wish to live
the selling or buying of a position in a Christian church
Roman Catholic tribunal for investigating and prosecuting charges of heresy
Magna Carta
document guaranteeing basic political rights in England, drawn up by nobles and approved by King John
body of reps that make laws for a nation
1) government in which the ruler is viewed as a divine figure
2) government controlled by religious leaders
overlord or one with power; title for Ottoman rulers during the rise of the Ottoman empire
member of an elite force of soldiers in the Ottoman empire
Japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai
type of Japanese drama in which music, dance, and mime are used to tell stories
a land controlled by another nation
economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit
economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
absolute monarchy
a king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control all aspects of life