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Sociology - Key studies TOPIC 4A Roles, responsibilities and relationships within the family

Gershuny 1992
changes in the domestic division of labour. time-budget analysis - he found a clear trend that men are carrying out more routine domestic tasks. a more symmetrical family, however women still work more hours than men.
Burghes 1997
found that fathers are taking an increasingly active role in the emotional development of their children
study of male and female doctor relationships - it was still the female responsibility to cook, clean and look after children.
The Rapoports
Looked at dual career families. Even if there is "help" with cooking and cleaning or childcare, it is still seen as the womans responsibility to organize it as its their field.
it is difficult to decipher who takes responsibility as certain tasks revealed don't always show who takes ultimate responsibility.
Hardill et al 1997
Nottingham. Dual earner households, 19 households were male precedence, 5 households the womans career took precedence and 6 were neither.
Jan Pahl
how couples manage their money! 1) Husband controlled pooling. Money is shared but man has power. 2) Wife-controlled pooling. money shared but woman makes decisions. 3) Husband control. man gives woman housekeeping money. 4) Wife control.most common in working class. most money came from benefits. Men are the main beneficiaires OVERALL.
Gillian Leighton
the power to make decisions changed when males became unemployed. the working wife took responsibility for bills and spending.
Duncombe and Marsden
emotional side of marriages - women are responsible for most of the emotion work. women complained of men's "emotional distance". Women are exhausted by the "Triple Shift".
Grundy and Henrietta
THE SANDWICH GENERATION. looking after dependent children and also their parents .
Dunne 1999
Lesbian households, the roles were shared equally, with no person taking primary responsibility. Thinks the inequality of splitting roles comes out of the boundaries between masculinity and femininity. Feminine tasks should be given greater value. EQUAL ROLES CAN BE ACHIEVED.
There is some evidence to suggest that children in the house do as much domestic work as the father. Unsurprisingly the help to the mother is more with the girls than the boys, DIVISION OF LABOUR BETWEEN THE GENDER. 43 girls did routine domestic work. 17 boys did some, but highly selective.