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Research Methods, Ch. 1 - Passer
Science and Psychology
Terms in this set (22)
(as a method of knowing)
relying on other people as the source of our knowledge and beliefs
(as a method of knowing)
holding a belief simply because it is what has long been believed.
the use of logic and rational (i.e., intellectually sound) argument to reach a conclusion about how things "must be."
the process of acquiring knowledge directly through observation and experience; the philosophical viewpoint that all knowledge is derived from experience.
knowledge that is based on the senses-on experiences with the world.
(also called congeniality bias)
the tendency to selectively seek information that supports one's views and avoid disconfirming information.
a process of systematically gathering and evaluating empirical evidence to answer questions and test ideas.
a tentative proposition about the causes or outcome of an event or, more generally, about how variables are related.
a set of formal statements that specifies how and why variables or events are related.
any factor or attribute that can assume two or more values.
proximal (or proximate)
immediate causes; in a chain of interrelated events that lead to a given result, the events that are close to the result; compare distal causes.
remote causes; in a chain of interrelated events that lead to a given result, the events that are remote from the result; compare proximal causes.
the conclusion that variable X caused viable Y.
the ability to regulate research setting and procedures and to guide the application of scientific knowledge.
(also called empirical claim)
a question or claim that, in principle, can be tested empirically through observation.
a criterion for judging testability; an assertion is testable if we can envision some type of empirical evidence that will reveal it to be false.
a professional journal in which reports submitted of publication first undergo a screening process by several experts.
defining a concept in terms of the specific procedures (or "operations") used to represent it.
the process of repeating a study to determine whether the original findings will be upheld.
scientific inquiry that examines the fundamental nature of phenomena; compare applied research
scientific inquiry that directly focuses on helping to solve or evaluate a specific real-world problem; compare basic research
an outlook that questions the validity of claims before deciding whether to accept them.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Research Methods, Ch. 2 - Passer
Research Methods, Ch. 3 - Passer
Research Methods, Ch. 4 - Passer
Research Methods, Ch. 5 - Passer
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