20 terms

SB8 Constitution Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

Legislative Branch
Branch that makes laws (Article I of Constitution)
Executive Branch
that enforces laws (Article II of Constitution)
Judicial Branch
Branch that interprets laws (Article III of Constitution)
Federalism
Government power shared between levels (national, state, local)
Separation of Powers
Power split between branches (happens at each level)
Amendment
A change to the Constitution (There are 27 currently including Bill of Rights)
Enumerated Powers
Powers listed for the government to do
Reserved Powers
Powers set aside for other levels to do (the states)
Denied Powers
Powers government can't do
Implied Powers
Powers government do but aren't written anywhere
Elastic Clause
Allows Implied Powers: government does anything that is "necessary and Proper" (a clause is a written part of the document)
Bill of Attainder
A law that punishes someone without a trial (Government can't do this...it is a denied power)
Ex Post Facto Law
A law that punishes someone for something they did that was legal when they did it. (Govt can't do this... it is a denied power)
Habeas Corpus
Evidence must be shown that a crime has been committed (Habeas Corpus means to "show the body". Government can't deny Habeas Corpus)
National Supremacy
The national laws (Constitution) overrule state and local laws
Checks and Balances
Idea that each branch of the govt. has powers that control the other branches
Judicial Review
Idea that the courts can decide if a law goes against the Constitution. They "declare it unconstitutional".
Popular Sovereignty
Idea that the people rule their country or state and make ecisions. Popular=people; Sovereign=rule
Representative Democracy
People elect others to vote on issues for them
Ratification
The approval of something (in this case, the Constitution)