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structure- how the words are arranged on the page


all poems have lines, length/breaks/punctuation contribute to meaning and rhythm


lines grouped together, like paragraphs in prose

Traditional style poems

-Fixed rules
-Regular pattern of rhythm and or rhyme
-Forms: Ballad, ode, epic, sonnet, haiku, limerick

example of traditional

Surgeons must be very careful
When they take the knife!
Underneath their fine incisions
Stirs the culprit—Life!

Organic style of poems

-Does not follow established rules for form
-may not rhyme
-may use incorrect spelling, punctuation, or grammar

Sound devices

-rhythm is created through stressed and unstressed syllables in each line
-rhyme makes poetry more musical... can occur as end rhyme or internal rhyme

Other sound devices

-Alliteration (Consonant sounds at the beginnings of words)
- Assonance(Repetition of Vowel sounds)
-Consonance( repetition of Consonant sounds)


-imagery(sensory details to illustrate and elaborate on ideas and feelings

Figurative language

opens up the mind to more than the literal meaning of the words

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