6 Written questions
5 Multiple choice questions
- 1. Diaphragmatic surface: anterior facing has a peritoneum, but posterior does not (it's bare).
2. Visceral surface: flat and covered with peritoneum.
- The cystic duct from the gallbladder.
- 1. Gallbladder,
2. Fissure for the ligamentum teres (round ligament),
3. Fissure for the ligamentum venosum, and
4. Porta hepatis.
- Pancreatic duct joins common bile duct. Entry to duodenum regulated by sphincter of Oddi.
- Specialized macrophages located in the liver. They line the walls of the sinusoids that form the reticuloendothelial system.
5 True/False questions
At the right limit of the porta, the right and left leaves of the lesser omentum become continuous to form what structure? → The free margin of the lesser omentum, aka the hepatoduodenal ligament.
What exits via the porta hepatis? → A transverse fissure between the neck of the gallbladder and the junction of the fissures for lig. teres and lig. venosum.
From which structure is the "classical" liver lobule drained? → Right upper extent is just under the nipple in 4th intercostal space, across from xiphisternal joint. Left extent is one or two intercostal spaces lower under left nipple.
What structure separates the liver from the heat in the developing embryo? → Septum transversum.
How much does the liver weigh? → Between 1 and 2kg, or 1/40th of total body weight.