70 terms

Commonly Confused Words - Medical Terminology

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arther/o
fatty
arthr/o
joint
arteri/o
artery
brady-
slow
tachy-
rapid, fast
-calcemia
condition of blood calcium
-kalemia
condition of blood potassium
cerebrum
a Latin word meaning "brain"
cerebellum
the separate, rounded section of the brain below and to the back of the cerebrum; literally means "little brain" in Latin
contusion
a bruise
concussion
an injury to the brain or spinal cord that results from a blow or violent shaking
convulsion
a series of muscle spasms, electrical storm, or overload of impulses in the brain
cyanosis
literally, "condition of blue"
necrosis
literally, "condition of death"
cyt/o
cell
cyst/o
bladder, sac
dysphagia
literally, "condition of difficult eating/swallowing"
dysphasia
literally, "condition of speech"
-dipsia
a combination of a word root and suffix that literally means "condition of thirst"; a symptom of diabetes
-tripsy
a suffix that means "surgical crushing"
-ectomy
surgical excision, removal
-tomy
to cut, incision
-stomy
surgical creation of an opening
embolus
an abnormal blood clot that travels within the bloodstream
thrombus
an unwanted blood clot
endo-
within
enter/o
small intestine
enuresis
the involuntary release of urine
diuresis
a noun that refers to the excessive discharge or urine; from the Greek diourein meaning to urinate
hematuria
the abnormal presence of blood in the urine
uremia
excess urea and other nitrogen-based waste in the blood
hemiplegia
paralysis on one side of the body
paraplegia
paralysis that involves the legs and lower body
quadriplegia
paralysis that involves all four limbs
hemoptysis
coughing and spitting up blood
hematemesis
vomiting blood
hypo-
deficient, abnormally low, below
hyper-
excessive, abnormally high, above
ileum
a segment of the small intestine, the third part of the small intestine
ilium
the superior part of the pelvic bone that flares out
inter-
between
intra-
within
kyphosis
abnormal posterior curve of the spine, also known as humpback
lordosis
abnormal anterior curve of the spine, also known as swayback
scoliosis
abnormal lateral curve of the spine
-malacia
softening
-megaly
abnormally large
melanin
skin pigment
melatonin
hormone produced by the pineal gland
myelin
insulating layer of a nerve axon
menorrhagia
excessive bleeding during menstruation
metrorrhagia
excessive uterine bleeding between periods
my/o
muscle
myc/o
fungus
nephr/o
nephron
neur/o
nerve
-pathy
disease
-plasty
surgical repair
perineum
the area between the anus and scrotum (male) or vagina (female)
peritoneum
a membrane that lines the walls of the abdominopelvic cavity
-rrhagia
condition of bleeding, hemorrhage
-rrhaphy
suturing
-rrhea
discharge, flow
sclerosis
a noun that means "condition of hearing"
stenosis
a noun that means "condition of abnormal narrowing"
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
ureter
What is the name of the duct that connects the kidney to the bladder?
hyperthyroidism
The thyroid gland can suffer a condition in which it produces an excessive amount of hormones. This condition is known as:
true
The term "menorrhagia" means "excessive bleeding during menstruation"
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