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Reading Quiz 2/24/16
Terms in this set (12)
Did Rome "fall"? Explain.
By the fifth century, armies in the West were dominated by the Germans and the western emperor was deposed in 476, but the whole empire did not fall all at once; the eastern empire still had an emperor. However, the Roman empire had undergone major shift. The empire's declining population played a key role in this slow transformation.
Identify and explain the significance of Clovis.
Clovis is significant not only because he unified large portion of the Frankish kingdom but also because he converted to Roman Christianity. Like Constantine, he vowed to convert if he won a significant battle. He won and fulfilled his vow around 500.
What is the significance of the "Donation of Pepin"?
The "Donation of Pepin" marked the beginning of the Papal States, which endured until the 1800s.
How are France and Spain altered after the Roman Empire "falls"?
Because the tribes that took over Rome, inherited the territory of Rome including Spain and France. Then later, they had to fight for their own freedom.
How did Charlemagne strengthen and unify his empire?
-Put noblemen (local administrators) in charge of his various provinces
-Used laws to bring order to his lands (actually issued legal commands, unlike previous kings)
-Sent traveling agents throughout territory to examine conditions and make sure laws were being enforced
-Required nobles to attend two assemblies a year
What were Charlemagne's religious policies, and how did they impact his reign?
-He wanted to ensure that his success as empire was tied to the fortunes of the church
-Christianized the Saxons (including the Saxon leader) to make them permanent members of the kingdom so that they were no longer a threat to his political power
-Established priests and monks in conquered lands and punished relapses into paganism as treason
---> The successful conversion of the Saxon showed how the church could serve Charlemagne politically
Read the 'Abbasid Caliphate and Charlemagne' on page 213. What does this reveal about the state of Europe and the Middle East at the time? Why did Harun al-Rashid engage in diplomatic
relations with Charlemagne?
-The Muslim thought Charlemagne was among minor rulers --> shows that the Middle Eastern rulers were much more established than those of Europe at this time. The Middle East was flourishing, while the west was struggling politically. Muslims were wealthy because the Persian Gulf had become the main trade route to the Indian Ocean.
Harun al-Rashid wanted to engage with Charlemagne because they wanted to team up against the Byzantine Empire; they had a common enemy. Politics can create unlikely allies.
What was the Carolingian Renaissance (rebirth)? What was Charlemagne' ultimate goal in leading this rebirth?
-The Carolingian Rebirth built upon learning that had been preserved in monasteries. Char provided schools and books and gathered scholars from all over Europe to assemble a cannon of readings.
-Char's motivation for fostering learning: concern for the religious health of the kingdom (observed that many priests could not read well enough nor were they educated enough to guide their parishioners to develop a "correct" understanding of Christian life
Scholars like Alcuin of York helped guide the direction of the Carolingian Renaissance. How?
Char asked Alcuin to help him reform education. Alcuin drew scholars from throughout the continent to visit them empire and share their wisdom. These scholars divided knowledge into seven liberal arts on which our modern education system is still based today.
What was the Treaty of Verdun? Why was it significant?
Signed in August 843, was the first of the treaties that divided the Carolingian Empire into three kingdoms among the three surviving sons of Louis the Pious, the son and successor of Charlemagne. The treaty was significant because anticipated some important nationalistic developments in western Europe. Such as Linguistic differences would divide the lands.
What are some of the cultural characteristics of the Vikings? How are these characteristics
different from the Europeans they invaded?
-Cherished heroic values and sought fame in notable deeds and through the works of poets who recorded those deeds.
-They worshiped Gods similar to those of the ancient Greeks and Romans but with different names.
-They had a passion for revenge and differed from other Europeans because they could not always control their violent tendencies.
What allowed for the Vikings to invade as many areas of Europe as they did?
Because of their geographical location, they had access to many area of Europe by sea. This is important because they had innovative ship and were skilled at navigating them.
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