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US Government Acts (1)
Blinn College, Lewis
Terms in this set (11)
this drew a line along the southern portion of the US, where below the line, new territories could decide for themselves if their state would contain slavery or not, and above the line, slavery was outlawed. But, does congress have the power to the people below the line choose this?
this was a turning point- it allowed those who wanted slavery to move to Kansas/Nebraska. However, this caused a major uproar and violence in Kansas (cannons, fights, etc.). This essentially repealed the Missouri Compromise, and delayed Kansas's entry into the Union later on.
Civil Rights Act 1866
declared that people born in the US and not subject to any foreign powers are entitles to be citizens (regardless to race, color, servitude). Johnson originally vetoed this but was passed 2/3 by congress to overrule. However, is federal law enough to overrule the Supreme Court decision? Not necessarily, because the court could declare it unconstitutional, so must made a constitutional amendment. Congress overriding a presidential veto shows congressional support.
this act is used to prosecute spies who help the enemy or stop US armed forces; this prohibits conveying false or classified information with intent to interfere. Edward Snowden provides a good example of this
1918- was specific in disallowing the saying of anything negative towards the government. 1940- was much more vague in forbidding advocating overthrow and 'joining and organizing,' or associating with suspected rebellious people
passed by congress, excluded abortion from the comprehensive health care services provided to low-income people by the federal government through Medicaid. Burger court upheld laws barring the used of government funds to pay for abortions for poor women (not legal).
equal pay act
requires equal pay for equal work, applying everywhere; there is a significant gap between average men's earnings and average women's earnings.
civil rights act 1964
prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion or national origin in public or private accommodations.
voting rights act
signed into law by LBJ and applied a nationwide prohibition against the denial of the rights to vote based on literacy tests. 24th amendment prohibited use of poll taxes as a requirement to vote
Americans with Disabilities act
legal protections against discriminators, extending the civil rights act to people with physical or mental disabilities; must make reasonable accommodations for workers with disabilities and not discriminate against otherwise qualified workers with disabilities
civil rights cases
five separate cases involving discrimination by private individuals (not public), couldn't bar private acts of discrimination
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