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Sec3Pt2 of USH Review

Monroe Doctrine (1823)

US "warns" Europeans to stay out of Latin America. The Western Hemisphere is "closed" to European colonization.


The British navy angered the US by forcing naturalized American citizens to serve in the British Navy


Policy of staying out of foreign conflicts and avoiding commitments to help other nations.

Proclamation of Neutrality (1793)

Washington angered France by not helping the French government fight the British after the French Revolution.

Franco-American Alliance (1777)

Formed after the Battle of Saratoga during the War for Independence. The US and France promised to help each other whenever either nation was at war with Great Britain.

War Hawks

Extreme, militaristic Democratic-Republicans. Many were from the West. They wanted to fight England to stop impressments. They also wanted to capture Canada and to drive the British out of North America.

French Revolution (1789-1799)

The King and royal family were killed during this event's "Rein of Terror." The radical "Jacobins" who took over France eventually declared war against England.

Jay's Treaty (1794)

Prevented war between the US and Great Britain. British troops were withdrawn from occupation of the NW Territories.

Pinckney's Treaty (1795)

Spain agreed to open the Mississippi River to US ships

Washington's Farewell Address (1798)

Established "isolationist" policy of the early US. Warned against forming "permanent entangling alliances."

XYZ Affair (1798)

"Millions for defense not one cent for tribute!" High Federalists (extreme, militaristic members of John Adams' party) threatened to go to war rather than pay bribes to French diplomats.

Congress Declares War (1812)

Ended the "undeclared" naval war between the US and France.

Continental System (1807)

French policy to attack US ships traveling to England

Orders in Council (1806)

British policy to attack US ships traveling to France

Chesapeake Incident (1807)

American warship attacked by British off the coast of Virginia. British hoping "press" US sailors into the royal navy

Embargo Act (1808)

Called the "_am_bargo" in New England. Hated because it ruined the merchant shipping business. Jefferson, however, supported this policy because he hoped it would prevent future attacks on US ships.

Battle of New Orleans (1815)

Andrew Jackson become a national hero for his leadership

Battle of Tippecanoe (1811)

Tecumseh and his "Red Stick Confederacy" is wiped out.

Adams-Onis Treaty (1819)

US purchased Florida from Spain

Treaty of Ghent

Ended the War of 1812. Neither the US not the British won any land. Essentially a cease-fire, stalemate.

Battle of New Orleans (1815)

Americans pride and Nationalism (patriotic love of one's nation) increased because this battle made people feel like they had defeated the British.

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