Ruckel Middle School 7th Grade Civics EOC REVIEW Flash Cards
Flash cards made by a 7th grader for a 7th grader....Hope they Help!!!
Terms in this set (83)
A person with certain rights and responsibilities in his or her country or community
how do you become a citizen?
Born: One or both of your parents are citizens, so you are too
Naturalization: A legal resident applies for citizenship, and then becomes a naturalized citizen
Obligations of a citizen
1. obey laws
2. pay taxes
3. serve on a jury
4. defend the nation
3. stay informed
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
A government ruled by a king or queen
a system of government in which a small group holds power
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
government run by religious leaders
democratic form of government in which the party (or a coalition of parties) with the greatest representation in the parliment (legislature) forms the government, its leader becoming prime minister or chancellor
a form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments
A political system where independant states form a nation but retain power under a weak central government.
the central government holds most of the power and makes all the decisions, state government has little control
-carries out/executes laws
-Presidant, VP, cabinent
The legislative branch(Congree)_______the nations laws. Our congress is__________(two house).
H of R
-______years old to be in the H of R
-All__________laws must begin here, can ___________ federal officials.
tax and revonue
-_______members per state
-________years old to be in the Senate
-Confirm presidential appointments, ratify treaties, and serve as________ in impeachment trials.
Consists of what ?
Qualifications for Presidant and what they can do
1. must be 35 years old
2. elected for 4 year terms
3. can veto laws passed by congress
Judicial branch consists of .....
There are_________ associate justices and one_______justice in the ________court.
State powers (reserved)
-make laws for education
-marrige and divorce
-regulate trade in their borders
Powers shared by State and Federal Governments (Concurrent)
-levy and collect taxes
Federal Powers (delegated or enumerated)
-conduct forigen affairs
-rasies and supports military
-regulates interstate and international trade
Right to bear arms
Quartering of Troops
No unreasonable searches or siezures
Rights of the accused, property rights
other rights of the accused
Right to a trial by jury in civil cases
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
rights not listed
powers reserved to the States
citizenship and civil rights
rights of sufferage
congressional pay rasies
the legal code of ancient Rome
A law that defines crimes against the public order.
law that involves the interpretation and application of the U.S. Constitution and state constitutions
the body of laws and rules of conduct administered by military courts for the discipline, trial, and punishment of military personnel
Marbury vs. Madison
established the power of________.
McCulloch vs. Maryland
ruled that the state of maryland could not tax the 2nd national bank. expanded the powers of
Dred Scott vs. Sanford
Said slaves were not ________ and that the federal government couldn't make laws againts slavery
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Legitimized and reinforced______________laws.
Brow vs. The Board of Education
Held that "________________" was not "equal". Overturned _______________________.
seperate but equal
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Gideon vs. Wainwright
States must provide a(n) _______ for people who cannot afford it.
In re Gault
_______defendants should be given the same result as adult criminal defendants.
Tinker vs. Des Moines
schools cannot ignore_________rights.
United States vs. Nixon
The presidant is not_______the law
Hazelwood vs. Kulmeier
Schools may limit speech/expression if it________________.
interferes with the school's mission
Local/County/ City Government consists of
board of commisioners
Local/County/City Government's purpose is
services to its city/county residants
Local/County/City Government largest source of income
property and sales taxes
State government consists of
Governer, Lt. Governer, Cabinet, State legislature
State government's purpose
services to state residants
State government's main source of income
sales, and income taxes
Federal government consists of
Presidant, V.P., Cabinet, Congress
Federal government's purpose
services to entier nation
Federal governments main source of income
Baron de Montesquieu
seperation of powers
person who __________the ratification of the constitution for a stronger federal government
person ___________to the new constitution, wanted most power to remain with the_______government.
Rule of law
the beliefe that no oerson (even the king) is above the law
Limits the power of king, John I of England was forced to sign this document by his barons
wrote "Common Sense"
Articals of confederation
created the first government of the newly independent united states. It lacked an executive branch and the authority to settle disputes between the states
states the goals of the constitution
relations between state and federal governments
How to amend the constitution
The constitution is the highest law of the land
Ratification of the constitution
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