83 terms

Ruckel Middle School 7th Grade Civics EOC REVIEW Flash Cards

Flash cards made by a 7th grader for a 7th grader....Hope they Help!!!
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citizen
A person with certain rights and responsibilities in his or her country or community
how do you become a citizen?
Born: One or both of your parents are citizens, so you are too
Naturalization: A legal resident applies for citizenship, and then becomes a naturalized citizen
Obligations of a citizen
1. obey laws
2. pay taxes
3. serve on a jury
4. defend the nation
Good citizens.......
1. volunteer
2. vote
3. stay informed
Direct democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
Representative democracy
A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
oligarchy
a system of government in which a small group holds power
dictatorship
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
theocracy
government run by religious leaders
anarchy
no government
parlimentary
democratic form of government in which the party (or a coalition of parties) with the greatest representation in the parliment (legislature) forms the government, its leader becoming prime minister or chancellor
federal government
a form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments
confederal government
A political system where independant states form a nation but retain power under a weak central government.
unitary government
the central government holds most of the power and makes all the decisions, state government has little control
legislative branch
-Articlel I
-makes/writes laws
-congress
executive branch
-Article II
-carries out/executes laws
-Presidant, VP, cabinent
judicial branch
-Artical III
-interprets/applies laws
-courts
The legislative branch(Congree)_______the nations laws. Our congress is__________(two house).
makes
binomeal
H of R
-_________members
-______years old to be in the H of R
-______year term
-All__________laws must begin here, can ___________ federal officials.
435
25
2
tax and revonue
impeach
Senate
-________members
-_______members per state
-________years old to be in the Senate
-_______year term
-Confirm presidential appointments, ratify treaties, and serve as________ in impeachment trials.
100
2
30
6
jury
Executive branch......
Consists of what ?
1. Presidant
2. V.P.
3.Cabinet
Qualifications for Presidant and what they can do
1. must be 35 years old
2. elected for 4 year terms
3. can veto laws passed by congress
Judicial branch consists of .....
ALL COURTS!!
There are_________ associate justices and one_______justice in the ________court.
8
cheif
Supreem
State powers (reserved)
-make laws for education
-marrige and divorce
-conduct elections
-regulate trade in their borders
Powers shared by State and Federal Governments (Concurrent)
-levy and collect taxes
-establish courts
-enforce laws
-borrow money
-build roads
Federal Powers (delegated or enumerated)
-print money
-declare war
-conduct forigen affairs
-rasies and supports military
-regulates interstate and international trade
1st amendment
freedom of:
-Religion
-Assembly
-Press
-Petition
-Speech (RAPPS)
2nd Amendment
Right to bear arms
3rd amendment
Quartering of Troops
4th amendment
No unreasonable searches or siezures
5th amendment
Rights of the accused, property rights
6th amendment
other rights of the accused
7th amendment
Right to a trial by jury in civil cases
8th amendment
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
9th amendment
rights not listed
10th amendment
powers reserved to the States
13th amendment
abolished slavery
14th amendment
citizenship and civil rights
15th amendment
rights of sufferage
19th amendment
womens sufferage
24th amendment
poll taxes
26th amendment
congressional pay rasies
civil law
the legal code of ancient Rome
criminal law
A law that defines crimes against the public order.
constitutional law
law that involves the interpretation and application of the U.S. Constitution and state constitutions
military law
the body of laws and rules of conduct administered by military courts for the discipline, trial, and punishment of military personnel
Marbury vs. Madison
established the power of________.
judicial review
McCulloch vs. Maryland
ruled that the state of maryland could not tax the 2nd national bank. expanded the powers of
______government.
federal
Dred Scott vs. Sanford
Said slaves were not ________ and that the federal government couldn't make laws againts slavery
citizens
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Legitimized and reinforced______________laws.
segregation
Brow vs. The Board of Education
Held that "________________" was not "equal". Overturned _______________________.
seperate but equal
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Gideon vs. Wainwright
States must provide a(n) _______ for people who cannot afford it.
attorny
In re Gault
_______defendants should be given the same result as adult criminal defendants.
juvinial
Tinker vs. Des Moines
schools cannot ignore_________rights.
1st amendment
United States vs. Nixon
The presidant is not_______the law
above
Hazelwood vs. Kulmeier
Schools may limit speech/expression if it________________.
interferes with the school's mission
Local/County/ City Government consists of
board of commisioners
mayor/city manager
city councl
Local/County/City Government's purpose is
services to its city/county residants
Local/County/City Government largest source of income
property and sales taxes
State government consists of
Governer, Lt. Governer, Cabinet, State legislature
State government's purpose
services to state residants
State government's main source of income
sales, and income taxes
Federal government consists of
Presidant, V.P., Cabinet, Congress
Federal government's purpose
services to entier nation
Federal governments main source of income
income taxes
John Locke
natural rights
Baron de Montesquieu
seperation of powers
Federalist
person who __________the ratification of the constitution for a stronger federal government
supported
Anti-Federalist
person ___________to the new constitution, wanted most power to remain with the_______government.
opposed
state
Rule of law
the beliefe that no oerson (even the king) is above the law
Magna Carta
Limits the power of king, John I of England was forced to sign this document by his barons
Thomas Paine
wrote "Common Sense"
Articals of confederation
created the first government of the newly independent united states. It lacked an executive branch and the authority to settle disputes between the states
the preamble
states the goals of the constitution
Article I(1)
legislative branch
Article II(2)
Executive branch
Article III(3)
Supreme court
Artical IV(4)
relations between state and federal governments
Artical V(5)
How to amend the constitution
Artical VI(6)
The constitution is the highest law of the land
Artical VII(7)
Ratification of the constitution
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