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Chapter one - law in society
Terms in this set (22)
made by private individuals or groups,
e.g. parents, schools
cannot be enforced through the courts
made by law-making bodies with the force of law,
e.g. parliament, local councils
can be enforced through the courts
*criminal law is used to clarify behaviours that are seen as not acceptable to society.
*criminal law also provides a range of punishments that fit the crimes.
*for society to keep functioning we need laws that spell out what is acceptable behaviour and what is not acceptable.
a civil action is a dispute between two parties. the main aim of civil law is to return the person whose rights have been infringed back to their original position.
e.g. dicorce, sale of goods, wills
how a law is made
*introduction and first reading
*commitee stage/consideration in detail
*adoption of the commitee report
*bill passes first house
*same procedure in the second house
*the bill becomes law
introduction and first reading
the bill is introduced to the house
when the purpose of the bill is explained and it's debated and voted on. In Victoria the bill is considered with respect to its compatibility with the Victorian Charter of Rights and Responsibilities
commitee stage / consideration in detail
the bill is considered in detail
the governor-general (federal) or the governor (state) signs the bill before it becomes law
the act comes into operation
two houses of parliament - at federal level, the House of Representative and the Senate; in Victoria, the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council.
a proposed law
law-making powers that are shared by the Commonwealth Parliament and the state parliaments. Under section 109 of the Constitution, if there is a conflict then Commonwealth law prevails.
laws made by subordinate authorities.
an act giving subordinate authorities the power to make laws.
law-making powers of the Commonwealth Parliament that can only be exercised by the Commonwealth.
a body made up of the governor-general (governor at a state level) and senior ministers. its task is to pass delegated legislation in areas where an enabling council to make regulations.
a legal rule.
acts of parliament
law-making powers left with the states at the time of federation.
an act of parliament.
start civil proceedings against another person.
Sets with similar terms
U.K. Legal System 01 ENG-ENG (CS)
Legal Studies Unit 1 AOS 1
Legal Studies: Unit 1: Law In Society.
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