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Ch. 17 Test Review (The Age of Exploration)
Terms in this set (20)
Forced labor system used by the Spanish in Colonial Latin America
Leaders in the Spanish conquest of the Americans
17th century economic theory that held that the prosperity of a nation depended on a large supply of gold and silver
Spanish and Portuguese officials who resided temporarily in Latin America
Exchange of plants and animals between Europe and the Americans
Prince Henry the Navigator
Sponsored the first Portuguese fleets to explore the west coast of Africa
Forced labor system used in colonial Peru to draft native workers to work in silver mines
Forced voyage of enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas
A ship in wanted by the Portuguese that made it possible to travel long distances
Settlement of people living in a new territory, lined with the parent country by trade and direct government control
Very profitable, since da Gama returned with valuable cargo of spices
Why did Vasco da Gama's discovery of a route to India by sea prove to be very profitable?
Treaty of Tordesillas
What established a line between territories controlled by Spain and those controlled by Portugal?
Types of weaponary
What was the conquistadors' main advantage over the Aztec and inca empires?
Large supply of bullion, or gold and silver
What did the prosperity of a nation depend on according to merchantilists
Native American population was small due to diseases brought from Europe
What were enslaved Africans needed in the Caribbean islands?
What was social class in Latin America in the 1500s bases on?
Peninsulares were born in the parent countries that founded their colonies
Why could only peninsulares hold important government positions in Latin America?
Helped Dutch compete successfully for trade in Asia
What did the development of a new ship along with the growth of mercantilism
Farming and mining
How did the Portuguese and Spanish make money from their Latin American colonies?
Spanish and Portuguese rulers wanted native Americans to become Catholic
Why did the Catholic Church have so much influence in Latin America?
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