Pope Urban II
called for Crusades
King Henry II
common law creator
King Philip IV (Philip the Fair)
Estates General creator; kidnapped the pope
established Frankish kingdom
removed last "do-nothing" king; gave church Papal States
Holy Roman Emperor
Pope Julius II
Renaissance pope-patron of the arts
the Medici family
ruled Florence; patrons of the arts
The Prince, "the end justifies the means"
the Perfect Courtier
French reformer; Calvanism predestination
justification of faith; German reformer; "started Reformation"
Anglican Church; 6 wives
founded Society of Jesus (Jesuits)
17th century English philosophy; justified Glorious Revolution by his Two Treatises of Government; tabula rasa and Social Contract
expressed absolutism in his Leviathan-humans=selfish and greedy -->need someone to control them
started Romanov dynasty that lasted from 1613-1917
improved telescope; heliocentric universe; planets=have similar substance to earth
world-machine concept; matter and gravity
natural education; General Will
"I think therefore I am"
wonem's rights; feminism
head of reign of terror
radicals; committee of public safety; Reign of Terror; National Assembly
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