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Rat anatomy

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biceps
Flexes the elbow and extends the shoulder
triceps
Extends elbow, ORIGIN: scapula/humerus INSERTION: Olecranon of ulna
vestibule
Area between the teeth and lips/cheeks
tongue
a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity
liver
organ that makes bile to break down fats; also filters poisons and drugs out of the blood
stomach
an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal
small intestine
digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place
kidney
either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
caecum
This is the first part of the large intestine. It is the the connection between the small intestine and the colon.
bladder
elastic, muscular organ that holds urine until it leaves the body
urethra
tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
ovary
a structure containing egg cells; the base of a pistil in a flower
seminal vesicle
a gland in males that secretes a fluid component of semen that lubricates and nourishes sperm
testes
The male gonads, which produce sperm and secrete male sex hormones.
uterus
organ of the female reproductive system in which a fertilized egg can develop
vas deferens
tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
diaphragm
(anatomy) a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
heart
the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs
lung
either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates
esophagus
food tube connecting the mouth to the stomach
left atrium
The left upper chamber of the heart that receives blood from the pulmonary veins
right ventricle
the chamber on the right side of the heart that receives venous blood from the right atrium and pumps it into the pulmonary trunk
left ventricle
the chamber on the left side of the heart that receives arterial blood from the left atrium and pumps it into the aorta
cerebrum
area of the brain responsible for all voluntary activities of the body
cerebellum
the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance