Which of the following is considered a disadvantage of probation and parole?
relative lack of punishment
Mary is sentenced to probation. The conditions of her probation include: maintain employment, possess no firearm, obey all laws, and meet with her probation officer biweekly. These ________ conditions apply to all probationers in the jurisdiction where she was sentenced.
Which of the following statements about probation is false?
Convicted murderers and rapists cannot be sentenced to probation
Which of the following is not a function of a probation or parole officer's work?
assistance to prosecutors by conducting arrests and investigations
A sentencing alternative that requires offenders to spend at least part of their time working for a community agency is known as
According to a Bureau of Justice Statistics study, about what percentage of people convicted of homicide are placed on probation?
Revocation of probation or parole
requires a hearing to determine if the conditions of probation or parole were violated
Which of the following Supreme Court cases held that parole boards do not have to specify the evidence used in deciding to deny parole?
Greenholtz v. Nebraska
Which U.S. Supreme Court decision ruled that probation officers may search a probationer's residence without a search warrant?
Griffin v. Wisconsin
Which of the following is not one of the most frequent violations for which revocation occurs?
Inmates are generally housed in dormitory-like settings and are free to walk the yard in ________ security institutions.
Which of the following statements about jails is false?
The number of males sentenced to jail is growing much faster than the number of females sentenced to jail.
Jails that are built and run using the combined resources of a variety of local jurisdictions are called
________ is the most secure prison ever built by the federal government.
The ADMAX at Florence, Colorado
What state became the first in modern times to reinstitute the use of the prison chain gang?
The ________ model of prison culture suggests that inmates bring values, roles, and behavior patterns from the outside world
In regard to religious freedom, prisoners must be given
a "reasonable opportunity" to pursue their faith.
What word describes aggressive men who assume the masculine role in homosexual relations in male prisons?
Prison officials know that a prisoner named Ray faces a substantial risk of serious harm from a fellow
prisoner. The prison officials deliberately disregard the risk to Ray and fail to take reasonable measures to protect Ray. Ray is seriously harmed by his fellow prisoner
Ray has a strong argument that he has been denied his Eighth Amendment right to be free from cruel and unusual punishment.
The ________ is the type of prisoner who thinks of prison as home and feels more comfortable institutionalized than on the streets
Suits to formally request a hearing to determine the lawfulness of imprisonment are generally called
writs of habeas corpus
A(n) ________ is a formalized arrangement, usually involving a neutral hearing board, whereby inmates have the opportunity to register complaints about the conditions of their confinement?
Civil death refers to
inmates denied the opportunity to vote, hold public office, or enter into contracts.
When examining the quality of medical treatment provided to inmates, courts attempt to identify a
"deliberate indifference" on the part of the staff
Government agencies that function to investigate, supervise, adjudicate, care for, or confine youthful offenders and other children subject to the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.
juvenile justice system
The document filed in juvenile court alleging that a juvenile is a delinquent is called a(n)
If a juvenile's case is going to be transferred to adult court it can be transferred
after intake, but before the adjudicatory hearing
The federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 required states accepting federal
funds for their juvenile justice systems to agree to separate juvenile prisoners from adult prisoners by "sight and sound" and to
deinstitutionalize status offenders
If the first court a juvenile case appears in is a juvenile court, the juvenile court is said to have ________ jurisdiction.
Texas defines a juvenile subject to juvenile court jurisdiction as a person who has not yet turned ________ years of age
Most states consider a child who is forced into delinquent behavior to be a(n) ________ child
A child who has not been receiving the proper level of physical or psychological care from his or her parents or guardians
The 1967 case out of Arizona that granted juveniles many of the due process protections enjoyed by adults, including the right to counsel
In re Gault
________, in the broadest usage, is juvenile actions or conduct in violation of the criminal law, juvenile status offenses, and other juvenile misbehavior
The first step in decision making in a case regarding a juvenile whose behavior is in violation of the law is known as
In the face of strong evidence of the offender's guilt, a juvenile court judge may
still decide it is not in the child's best interest to be adjudicated delinquent
The fact-finding process wherein the juvenile court determines whether there is sufficient evidence to sustain the allegations in a petition