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26 terms

31

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Nutrition
a source of materials to nourish the body
Nutrient
any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
Calorie
unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure
Protein
Aany of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells
Complete protein
a protein that contains all the essential amino acids
Amino acid
organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group
Essential amino acids
Amino acids that are needed, but cannot be made by the body; they must be eatin in foods
Incomplete protein
A protein that is usually deficient in one or more of the essential amino acids. Most plant proteins are incomplete
Carbonhydrate
a biomolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen with a ration of about two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom for every carbon atom
Simple carbonhydrate
Eneter the bloodstream rapildyly
Complex carbonhydrate
Starches and fber
Starch
a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice
Fiber
a slender and greatly elongated solid substance
Fat
excess bodily weight
Fat-soluble vitamin
vitamins that are absorbed and transported by fats; includes vitamins A, D, E and K
Saturated fat
fat in which all three fatty acid chains contain the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms
Cholesterol
an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver
Unsaturated fat
A lipid made from fatty acids that have at least one double bond between carbon atoms
Visible fat
are fats that are obvious to see such as butter, margarine, separate cream, salad oils, lard ect.
Invisible fat
not so visible fats such as cheese, egg yolk, nuts, seeds, olives, avocados, and lean meat.
Vitamin
any of a group of organic substances essential in small quantities to normal metabolism
Water-soluble vitamin
a vitamin, specifically vitamin C or one of the B complex vitamins, that dissolves in water; are not stored in the body
Mineral
solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
Water
a fluid necessary for the life of most animals and plants
Dehydration
the process of extracting moisture
Diuretic
a drug that increases the secretion of urine commonly prescribed in treating hypertension