4th Grade ELA PSSA Vocabulary
Repetition of consonant sounds
A warning or indication of a future event
A word that imitates the sound it represents.
Repetition of sounds at the end of words
1. The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities. 2. The symbolic meaning attached to material objects.
An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").
A contrast between what is expected and what actually happens.
A comparison without using like or as
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
A comparison using "like" or "as"
A method an author uses to let readers know more about the characters and their personal traits.
the people or animals in a story
A struggle between opposing forces
The reasons people do what they do
Sequence of events in a story
The context in time and place in which the action of a story occurs.
A message about life or human nature that the writer shares with the reader.
what a piece of writing is mainly about
This is the chronological, or time, order of events in a reading passage.
cause and effect
The reason something happens and the result of it happening.
A group of lines in a poem
A single line of poetry
"I" and "Me" standpoint. Personal perspective.
Point of view in which the narrator is outside of the story - an observer
Told from the reader's point of view, using "you"
The reason the author has for writing. ( Inform, persuade, express, & entertain)
The author's choices regarding language, sentence structure, voice, and tone in order to communicate with the reader.
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character
A title or short description of a picture
something that actually exists and can be proven true
a tool that helps to organize ideas and can be used to visually illustrate ideas
a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about
charts, tables, graphs
Graphic representation that present information in easily interpreted formats
The title or heading for one section in a text
A personal view or attitude about something
a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning.
briefly retelling in your own words the main ideas and most important details
A word that means the opposite of another word
word made of two or more word roots
A vocabulary strategy in which the reader looks at the words around an unfamiliar word to find clues to its meaning.
Two words that are spelled the same, but have different pronunciation and meaning
a word that has more than one meaning
One of two or more words pronounced alike but different in meaning and spelling
a syllable or word that comes before a root word to change its meaning
The base word you start with before adding prefixes or suffixes
A word or letter placed after the root.
A word that means the same as another word
A category or type of literature
A written account of another person's life.
An account of a person's life written by that person
A story that is not true or is made up
writing that tells about real people, places, and events
The telling of a story or an account of a sequence of events.
A story using made-up characters that could happen in real life.
Persuading be reader to believe something
a story acted out live, using dialogue and action
Words arranged in a rhythm that express ideas and emotions
A fictional story that takes place in a particular time period in the past. Often the setting is real, but the characters are made up from the author's imagination.
A short tale, often with nonhuman characters, from which a useful lesson or moral may be drawn.
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